Russian Federation sanctions against the Republic of Turkey as a case of hard power application in tourism




Russia-Turkey Tourism, Sanctions, Hard power, Crisis, Diversification


The article discusses the sanctions and limitations imposed on Turkey following the incident with the Russian aircraft on the Syrian-Turkish border in November 2015. The importance of Turkey as one of the most popular tourist destinations for the Russian mass tourism market is verified through the analysis of bilateral data. The research revealed that the tourism and hospitality sector in Turkey suffered more and more rapidly due to the strict restrictions imposed by Russian authorities. However, the sanctions also triggered a crisis in Russia's outbound tourism industry. The measures taken by the Russian tourism administration to offset the negative effects of geopolitical risks and address the long-standing issues in the tourism industry are presented.


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Author Biographies

Anna Y. Alexandrova, Professora e palestrante em tempo integral na Lomonosov MSU (Moscou, Rússia).

Candidata em Economia (Ph.D. em Economia) / Lomonosov MSU (1988). Doutora em Geografia / Lomonosov MSU (2002). Professora e palestrante em tempo integral na Lomonosov MSU. Laureada com o Prêmio do Governo da Federação Russa pelo desenvolvimento e implementação de um sistema de formação profissional em educação turística (2015). Membro do Conselho Editorial da revista Turyzm/Tourism (revista científica interdisciplinar da Universidade de Lodz, Lodz, Polônia). Membro do Conselho Editorial do “Bulletin of geography. Socio-economic Series (BGSS)” da Universidade Nicolau Copérnico, em Toruń, Polônia. Membro do Conselho Editorial de “Service and Tourism: Current Challenges” (Moscou, Rússia). Orcid Id: 0000-0002-1772-8431. [ ]

Ekaterina V. Aigina, Pesquisadora Sênior, Departamento de Geografia Recreativa e Turismo, Faculdade de Geografia, Lomonosov MSU (Moscou, Russia).

Especialista em Geografia / Lomonosov MSU (1989). Pesquisadora Sênior, Departamento de Geografia Recreativa e Turismo, Faculdade de Geografia. Membro da Sociedade Geográfica Russa. Áreas de interesse: estudos regionais, geografia do turismo, tipos de turismo. ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3832-169X. [ ]


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Notas de Pesquisa | Research Notes | Notas de Investigación



How to Cite

Alexandrova, A. Y., & Aigina, E. V. (2023). Russian Federation sanctions against the Republic of Turkey as a case of hard power application in tourism. Anais Brasileiros De Estudos Turísticos, 13(Special Issue).