Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet <p>ABET is an online open and free journal, publishing papers in the regime of continuous flux in a single issue per year (extraordinarily ABET can publish special issues), using the doble-blind peer review process.</p> <p>It receives original and unpublished works, which are not being reviewed in other publication media. Scientific research articles <strong>on tourism </strong>as well essays, case reports and reviews are accepted in Portuguese, English, Spanish or French from the standpoint of the social sciences (sociology, political science, anthropology, urban planning, public and social management, etc.).</p> <p>ABET is published by the Economic and Social Observatory of Tourism / ESOT in collaboration with the Knowledge Research Group on "Knwoldge, Organization and Tourism" - COGITO / CNPq, both attached to the Department of Tourism from Federal University of Juiz de Fora/UFJF .</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Template for Submission:</strong></p> <p><a href="https://docs.google.com/document/d/176rG3JzAtkq2c2mJyac-5t-SWSYi48pc/edit?usp=sharing&amp;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true">https://docs.google.com/document/d/176rG3JzAtkq2c2mJyac-5t-SWSYi48pc/edit?usp=sharing&amp;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true</a></p> <p><strong> Guidelines for authors:</strong></p> <p><a href="https://docs.google.com/document/d/1-prrLtwt-S4Z1voAixDGNHF1hTnofUUg/edit?usp=sharing&amp;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true">https://docs.google.com/document/d/1-prrLtwt-S4Z1voAixDGNHF1hTnofUUg/edit?usp=sharing&amp;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true</a></p> <p><strong>Criteria to the papers' assessment:</strong> <a href="https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Z6cePHvfryRCJFyH2zsYnMBTWiIk3Hco/edit?usp=sharing&amp;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true">https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Z6cePHvfryRCJFyH2zsYnMBTWiIk3Hco/edit?usp=sharing&amp;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true</a></p> Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora/UFJF en-US Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2238-2925 <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content, following the principle that providing free scientific knowledge to the public provides greater democratization of world knowledge. &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Authors must agree to the following terms relating to copyrights:</p> <p>(a) Authors keep all copyright and grant the to the journal the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the&nbsp;<em>Creative Commons Attribution License</em>&nbsp;that allowing job sharing with recognition of authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>(b) Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this magazine.</p> <p>(c) Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on your personal page) since they do not do this before or during the editorial process, as this can generate productive interchange, as well as increase the impact and citation of work aired. (See Effect of Free Access).</p> Introduction https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/35299 <p>The recent virus outbreaks recently occurred in Wu-Han (China) not only has shown the vulnerability of the tourism industry but also stopped the world. Specialists and colleagues of all pundits have been debated hotly on the effects of COVID-19 on the tourism industry as well as the future of tourism research. For some voices, Coronavirus disease should be esteemed as a valid opportunity towards a more sustainable world (Gossling, Scott &amp; Hall, 2020; Higgins-Desbiolles, 2020; Prideaux, Thompson &amp; Pabel 2020) while for other it poses a serious challenge for the future of the industry (Korstanje 2020). Beyond this discrepancy, COVID19 has been widely and rapidly disseminated through the modern means of mobilities and transport which connected dispersed geographical areas in hours. Basically, and in weeks, the virus –originally spread in China- arrived in Europe and the US. In almost a month, the disease expanded to the rest of Latin America and Africa affecting all nations in the earth. The pandemic has unfortunately left 665.231 deaths infecting almost 17.040.985 (numbers updated in July). Although governments adopted different tactics and strategies, they consisted in several restrictions to global mobilities and tourism such as the cancelation of all incoming flights, national borders as well as the airspace, and the imposition of a lock-down which impeded internally the transit of persons. One of the most castigated countries were the US (152.945 victims) followed by Brazil (88.792 victims), the UK (45.961), Mexico (44.876), Italy (35.129) and Spain (28.441) only to name a few. What is more important, COVID-19 ushered the tourism industry in an unparalleled crisis which today needs from the inter-disciplinary research to find success post-pandemic strategies for a rapid recovery. Because of this, this thematic issue section brings together papers from professional researchers, scholars, and post-graduate students, as also policy-makers, that bring their advances with a strong focus on the effects and consequences of Coronavirus in tourism and hospitality.</p> Subhash Kizhakanveatil Bhaskaran Pillai Sharad Kumar Kulshreshtha Maximiliano E. Korstanje Thiago Duarte Pimentel Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 Country of Origin, Covid-19 Vaccine and the Future of Travel: a Preliminary Study in Iran https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33332 <p>Country-of-origin is one of the most crucial aspects of a brand's success. Country-of-origin has a significant impact on how brands are perceived, especially in terms of the promise of quality they deliver. While different countries have announced vaccines, there has been a global hesitation to buy into those claims. Successful adoption of a successful vaccine is critical to re-launching global travel and the leisure economy. In this article, we discuss the importance of country of origin in products getting the trust needed for them to succeed – particularly a vaccine for Covid-19. A preliminary survey was conducted among 662 Iranian social media users, directly on LinkedIn and also via a Google survey instrument. Germany merged to be the iconic symbol of quality and transparency and respondents felt confident that they would not hesitate to be subjected to a German made vaccine. Germany is globally perceived as a quality leader in high technologies and medicine and Iranians concurred with this belief.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Keywords:</strong> Country of origin; Branding; Vaccine; Covid-19; Tourism; Iran.</p> Sara Mirzaee Reyhaneh Jalalinejad Babu George Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-02-08 2021-02-08 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.33332 Spill Over of Novel Covid-19 Pandemic on Punjab Tourism https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33333 <p>The paper purposes to describe the spread of Covid-19 in Punjab, pre Covid-19 period, its effects on Punjab Tourism, and also put forwards a set of recovery measures for tourism sector. The data used is secondary in nature, collected from news broadcasted by several media outlets, various journals, newspapers, articles and official website of Punjab Tourism, Ministry of Tourism, WHO.&nbsp; The study investigated that the outbreak of the global pandemic Covid-19 (Corona Virus Disease -2019) pandemic is an unprecedented shock to the state’s tourism industry. The Punjab Tourism was in a prospering state before Covid-19 struck. With the prolonged country-wide lockdown, global economic downturn and associated disruption of movement of tourists, the Punjab tourism industry is facing an extended period of decline.&nbsp; The study indicates the effects of Covid-19 in Punjab Tourism and also extends the preventive measures to tackle the pandemic. Although, the length of the impact will depend upon the duration and gravity of the health crisis, the duration of the lockdown and the manner in which the situation unfolds once the lockdown is lifted yet the situation can be tackled by adopting the suggestive recovery measures.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> COVID-19 Pandemic; Punjab Tourism; Tourists Arrival; Spill Over; Recovery Measures.</p> Ramanpreet Kaur Manju Mittal Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-02-16 2021-02-16 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.33333 Tasting Tourism: a New Phase Towards Experiencing Indian Cuisine After the Pandemic https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33329 <p>Since the evolution of mankind, the need for food and drink has been a major concern for humans. It has been reported from the ancient records that human had to cultivate and the store food for consumption but as time passed humans started to travel from one place to another in search of food and drink which further in the modern era gave rise to the tourism sector where people travel for one place to another to explore new culture and experience the local cuisine which depicts about the place and its community living around the region. Due to this, there was a tremendous increase in the percentage of tourists every year in different continents where they only travel for leisure and availing the local cuisine that included both food and the local beverage of the location. Therefore, the essence of food is also a vital part of the lifestyle for every individual and tourists who travel to the destination and try to experience the local cuisine. If you see the world, most of the tourists are eagerly mad at traveling to India, wherein every 100 meters you will get a varied cuisine influence which fascinates the international tourists towards the country's culinary inheritance. Therefore, the role of promotion and marketing of the regional cuisine of a country as it showcases the cultural identity of the nation's heritage. Henceforth, the paper explores the framework of the tasting tourism as to create a new phase of tourism after the Covid-19 in order to increase the tourism sector by introducing a new segment where the cuisine will showcase the opportunity for providing an extensive knowledge for the regional cuisine and beverages available, where they can experience during their travel to the region. But due to the pandemic situation, it has been seen that the Indian tourism sector had a drastic change as the inflow of foreign tourists decreased, and also the food business sector is facing downfall due to the rapid spread of the virus.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words</strong>: Gastronomy; Tasting Tourism; Indian cuisine; Marketing; Promotion; Tourists.</p> Jyoti Prakash Karan Bir Singh Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.33329 A Study on Adept Soft Skill & Knowledge Accompanying Hospitality Employee Retention Behavior During Covid-19 Lockdown Phase https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33309 <p>This article converses the acceptability, challenges, and cue forward on hotel employees' through academic research on digital literacy. The researcher intends to study the correlation between personalized training customized by organizations and self –learning digital transformation which has shown its prominence during the unprecedented lockdown phase. The article also tries to emphasize labor flexibility and participation in decision making through various communication channels working in a conducive environment. The bibliographical review studies depict hospitality education, employment, and manpower development as some of the concerns being faced in the digital generation. The results of studies conducted show employee's digital competence as a catalyst to their productivity. They have reinforced and expanded the horizon of the employees to run with the advancement. Paul Gilster (1977) in his book has represented digital technologies as an "essential life skill." The conclusions are that there is an increase in understanding, using, and creating information sources using digital technologies in the tourism sector. The new-gen hoteliers are themselves keeping abreast with the latest innovation in procedures and practices to offer the service or product through the digital presence and retain the customers. Through this paper, the researcher would like to relate e-HR developmental approaches, customer relations management, and retention modeling as a tool for sustainable workforce investment.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> Hospitality; Digital; Literacy; Retention; Crisis; Knowledge.</p> Salla Vijay Kumar Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.33309 Pandemic’s (Covid-19) Impact on Tourism Sector of India https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33307 <p>This paper examines the impact of pandemic on domestic tourism sector in India through finding out the changes in preferences of domestic tourists due to the pandemic (COVID-19).&nbsp; For this purpose, primary data is collected from 364 Indian nationals to gain insights and secondary data is collected from various online sources such as reports, research articles, websites, books, etc. A structured questionnaire is developed for collecting primary data. The result of data analysis revealed that there is not much difference between numbers of people who used to travel before the pandemic and who want to travel after relaxations or vaccination according to their criteria as well as 76.2% respondents have intentions to travel for tourism activities within one year after relaxations (some or complete) or vaccination. The other findings disclosed that the history of Coronavirous cases of a state matter while choosing a destination and pandemic has influenced the preferences of the people for tourism components. These findings may help tourism as well as hospitality market players to develop new tourism products which also cover these changed preferences and help in reviving their business as well as the industry as early as possible by satisfying the tourists.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> Pandemic (COVID-19). Globalisation. Tourism. Health Tourism. Relaxations. Vaccination.</p> Mohammad Faisal Devendra Kumar Dhusia Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.33307 Tourism Industry in Russia and Global Covid-19 Pandemic: Threats, Counteractions, Trends https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33306 <p>The present paper is dedicated to COVID-19 pandemic impact that manifested itself around the world since the end of 2019 and significantly affected the tourism and hospitality industry. In Russia and in the world, tourism is among industries the most affected by the consequences of restrictions and anti-epidemiological measures against COVID-19. The article divides the examples of mechanisms for overcoming the epidemic consequences in tourism, developed by different states and in Russia, in 9 groups (categories), and considers them in a comparative aspect. COVID-19 exacerbated relationship problems between two main subjects of the tourism market - tour operators and travel agents. Numerous mechanisms of government supporting Russian tourism industry do not work to the full and are not effective enough. The article discusses these problems, highlights the main trends and prospects of the tourism industry in Russia and in the world, and tries to outline the contours of the "post-Сovid" future of the tourism sector. The industry is in deep crisis, but at the same time, it expects new breakthrough ideas and technologies, creative solutions and non-standard proposals. Probably, the tourism projects, formed on these foundations and mechanisms, will become new drivers of industry growth after the end of the pandemic.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> Tourism industry; COVID-19 pandemic impact on tourism; Tourism industry in Russia; Global tourism crisis; Trends and measures to supporting subjects of the tourism market.</p> Oleg E. Afanasiev Alexandra V. Afanasieva Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-02-08 2021-02-08 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.33306 Covid-19 and the end of Tourism Research? New Forms of Tourism in the State of Emergency https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33304 <p>The recent virus outbreak of COVID-19 (SARS-COV2), a new virus of the Coronavirous family has brought indescribable consequences for global commerce, mobilities and even for the industry of tourism. To some extent, some voices alerted on the idea probably tourism would be radically shifted, or scholars would witness the end of tourism as known before COVID-19. Most certainly, several studies will be published in the next years on the effects of this virus in the tourism and hospitality industry. This paper explores the changes and challenges of tourism research and epistemology in the years to come. Today´s tourism research is based on the needs of asking (interviewing tourists) to test operational hypotheses. From this viewpoint, the tourist seems to be the main source of information towards the consolidation of tourism research. Of course, the lack of activity and the cancellations of flights and bookings, following this reasoning, entail the end of tourism research. This conceptual work focuses on the complex nature of tourism – as a resilient activity – as well as the rise of new forms of tourism which will surely interrogate the discipline.<strong>&nbsp; </strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> COVID-19; Mobilities; Crises; Tourism; End of tourism research.</p> Maximiliano E. Korstanje Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 The Challenge of Covid-19 for Youth Travel https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33299 <p>This paper analyses the effects of the first seven months of the Covid-19 pandemic on youth travel. Surveys of youth travel businesses between March and September 2020 showed youth tourism businesses were severely impacted, with a 26% drop in business volume in Quarter 1 of 2020 falling to -70% by May 2020. Business prospects for the year 2020 were dire and more than 80% of businesses expected their business prospects to get worse over the coming year. The effects of the pandemic were felt in all world regions and across almost all industry sectors. Youth travel businesses adopted a range of tactical and strategic measures in response to the crisis, including changing terms and conditions, increased marketing, creating partnerships and shifting business online. As youth travel depends on social interaction there are major challenges for the industry in future, but also a number of potential opportunities, such as the growth in domestic travel and the rise of digital nomads.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Keywords:</strong> Coronavirus / Covid-19; Crisis; Business impacts; Youth travel; digital nomads.</p> Greg Richards Wendy Morrill Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 The Real Implications and Effects of Covid19 in the Tourism Industry: what is the future of tourism in a world without tourists? https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33298 <p>Although scholars have been particularly fascinated by the effects of covid19, no less true seems to be that we know little about its evolution and practical effects in the tourism industry. What is more important, the real implications of the pandemic in the global economy, as well as tourism, are uncertain (Romagosa, 2020; Korstanje 2020).&nbsp;In the mid of this mayhem, some voices have alerted on the opportunities of COVID19 to re-found the epistemological borders of tourism research (Wen et al 2020; Rogerson &amp; Baum, 2020) while others called their attention to the problems of an ecological crisis precipitated by the capitalist system (Gossling, Scott &amp; Hall, 2020; Prayag, 2020; Higgins-Desbiolles, 2020).&nbsp;The economic-based theory, which over years monopolized knowledge production and distribution in the academic tribes, failed not only to give a precise definition of tourism but to consolidate the discipline as a serious option. Based on the needs of protecting businesses or the organic image of the destination, this theory emphasized the figure the tourist as the only source of valid information.&nbsp;Still further, the economic-based paradigm has invariably led the discipline towards an unparalleled crisis, as some scholars adhere (Tribe, Dann &amp; Jamal, 2015; Tribe 1997; 2010). As Adrian Franklin (2007) puts it, “tourist-centricity” exhibits a restrictive viewpoint of tourism which is limited to a managerial perspective based on the tourist as the only agent of the system. As a result of this, other actors and voices are pushed away to peripheral places.&nbsp;To some extent, COVID19, so far, shows the impossibility to make applied research in a world without tourists. Having said this, the present issue explores not only the limitation of the current tourism theory –and research- but also the opportunities and challenges posed on the industry in the years to come.</p> Subhash Kizhakanveatil Bhaskaran Pillai Sharad Kumar Kulshreshtha Maximiliano E. Korstanje Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-01-31 2021-01-31 The Role of Ecotourism in Regional Development in Theory-Practice Axis: the Case of Sapanca https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/33188 <p>Development theories are described as a comprehensive philosophy that underpins development policies. Tourism, which is used as a development tool for developing countries, is a field that is influenced by developmental theories and shaped by the perspectives of these theories. Therefore, understanding development theories is important for understanding the development process of tourism. This study was carried out in Turkey which is one of the countries where ecotourism is used as a development tool. In this context, Turkey's emerging ecotourism area of Sapanca, which is defined as the study of the universe and the new regionalism theory shaping tourism policy aimed to investigate the reflections of real life through ecotourism. In this regard, a questionnaire answered by 395 local people were matched for the reflection of regional development theories in the region base on the theory and practice. From the research results, it was concluded that ecotourism policies prepared under the new regionalism theories have a positive effect on the development of the region. Therefore, the answers of the questionnaire has proved that ecotourism has been successfully applied within the scope of the new regionalism theory in the regional development of Sapanca both in theory and practice.</p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> Regional Development; Ecotourism; Regional Development Theory; Sapanca; Turkey.</p> Tuğba YILMAZ Asena Boztaş Aydın Yılmazer Sibel AKGÜN Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-05-27 2021-05-27 Whatever Happened to the Leisure Society? https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/32975 <p><strong> Abstract:&nbsp;</strong>This text presents the book Veal, A.J. (2019) <em>Whatever Happened to the Leisure Society?</em> London: Routledge, 296 p. It shows the previous studies on leisure field, makes a balance of the area and an assessment of the book reviewed.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Leisure; History; Social Change; Society.</p> Jiri Zuzanek Copyright (c) 2020 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2020-12-13 2020-12-13 10.34019/2238-2925.2020.v10.32975 No “Over”, Yes “Minimal”! Camp and Caravan Tourism https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/32580 <p>Last developments show that over-population, modern life and physical or mental health problems have steered the people to nature and isolated areas. It will be understood that camp and caravan tourism offers exciting experiences which demonstrate the value of the nature gives the chance to learn living with limited minimal conditions and especially provide secure tourism activities alternatively to current Covid-19 pandemic period negative tourism developments. The study aims to show how camp and caravan tourism can be an alternative for modern people insisting on sustainable and healthy tourism activities with social distance and isolated living instead of huge hedonic, unnecessary, luxury consumption and crowd living spaces. The study has constructed on a theoretical approach based on literature review and to support the theories web-based observational and hermeneutic analysis have been hold. Some potential geographies like Latin America and Europe have been selected to explain the contribution of camp and caravan tourism.</p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> Camp and Caravan Tourism; Sustainability; Environmental Sensitivity; Covid-19 Pandemic.</p> Yasin Bilim Özgür Özer Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-05-27 2021-05-27 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.32580 A Preliminary Study of Impact of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) on Tourism Sector of India https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/32318 <p>The study aims to analyze the preliminary impacts of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) on travel and tourism sector of India. The pandemic has shown its effect on almost&nbsp;&nbsp; every sector worldwide. However, the tourism sector seems to be affected severely. The pandemic seems to have affected every segment of Indian tourism sector which includes Travel Trade, Hospitality, Aviation, Transportation, Restaurant, Tour Guide, Handicraft, etc. The United Nation World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is exploring the severe impact of coronavirus on global travel and tourism sector in association with World Health Organization (WHO). In order to contain the spread of Coronavirus, most of the countries including India have resorted to “Lockdown” which seems to have resulted in large number of job loss in tourism sector. The cancellation of all modes of travel such as Air, water and road, closing of international as well as interstate boarders in the country and cancellation of hotel reservations seem to have the devastating effects on tourism sector of India.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> Covid19, Pandemic, Lockdown, Impacts, Travel &amp; Tourism, Unemployment.</p> Rajendra Suman Vijay Kumar Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2021-02-16 2021-02-16 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.32318 Overtourism Perception in the Islands: the Case of Bozcaada and Gökçeada https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/32304 <p class="western" lang="pt-BR" align="justify">In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the effects of over tourism on the two touristic islands in Çanakkale, Bozcaada and Gökçeada, from the eyes of the local people. Overtourism emphasizes that an excessive number of tourists in a particular destination can have negative effects on society. In this study, the phenomenon of overtourism has been discussed on the basis of social carrying capacity and Doxey's irridex-tolarate model. In line with this purpose, the perception of the local people about the effects of tourism, problems caused by tourists and their attitudes towards tourists were evaluated with 260 data using the survey method. The data were analyzed by performing T-Test and regression analysis in the statistical package program. According to the research findings, although there is a positive perception towards tourism in the islands, there are also problems caused by tourism. It can be said that Bozcaada is experiencing an overtourism problem due to reasons such as being a small island compared to Gökçeada. It can be said that Gökçeada is at the first stage, at the satisfaction level, although it is thought Bozcaada is the satisfaction level of Doxey’s model. With this study, the social carrying capacity of the two islands in Çanakkale has been put forward theoretically, and the local people's perception of overtourism has been discussed on the basis of the Doxey theory. So, in practice, sustainable tourism planning on the islands can be done by taking these findings into consideration.</p> Serdar Sünnetçioğlu Şefik Okan Mercan Ferah Özkök Ayşe Sünnetçioğlu Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-12 2021-08-12 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.32304 Authenticity Paradox: an Examination on Local Gastronomy https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/32203 <p class="western" lang="pt-BR" align="justify">Local gastronomy offers authenticity, an important element of tourist experience. However, some tourists cannot experience gastronomic products in their exact authentic forms. This issue causes from tourists' typology, importance level of gastronomy, and quest for authenticity. For serving widely variated tourists, producers of the local gastronomic products make changes in the essence of products. Current study aims to investigate changing process of gastronomic products’ authenticity which are served in the context of tourism, and to develop an understanding on causes and costs of deterioration. Methodologically, existing literature had evaluated with conceptual inferences. As the findings propose, the changes start with touristic exploration which is followed by tourism-related deterioration. After deterioration, if process of recovery conducted, turning back to the exact form of authenticity does not seem possible. The alternative forms of authenticity are most likely to occur. Additionally, mistaken perspectives like considering recovery preventions as short-term actions can lead the deterioration again, like a loop. Raising awareness for prevent this loop is this study's critical proposition to destinations. Opening new horizons for the phenomenon of authenticity and overthrowing the idea that see tourists as the sole reason for deterioration are the contributions to the literature. The changes that lead deterioration are responsibility of locals, too.</p> Gürkan Aybek Eda Alphan Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-08-03 2021-08-03 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.32203 Environmentally Responsible Behavior of Tourists in Cognitive, Affect and Attitude Aspects: an Integrated Approach to Sustainable Tourism Destination https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/32195 <p>In this research environmental responsible behaviors of tourists visiting sustainable tourism destinations are examined. The process of "cognition-affection-attitude-behavior" is examined in the study. Cognition refers to environmental knowledge, affection refers to environmental sensitivity, attitude refers to place attachment and behavior refers to <em>Environmentally Responsible Behavior</em> (ERB). 233 tourists visiting Trabzon's Uzungöl destination were included in the research. Structural equality model is used in the Smart PLS program to explore the relationship between variables. The results point that sustainable development knowledge has no effect on environmental sensitivity, but environmental protection knowledge positively affects environmental sensitivity. In addition, it has been determined that environmental sensitivity positively affects place identity and place dependence. Finally, place dependence positively affects general ERB and specific ERB. However, while place identity positively affects the general ERB, it does not have a significant effect on the specific ERB. The results of the research reveal the importance of activities that increase the level of environmental knowledge for sustainable tourism destinations. In addition, in-service training for tour guides and tourism managers is expected to be beneficial.</p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> Environmentally Responsible Behavior; Environmental Knowledge; Environmental Sensitivity; Place Attachment; Sustainable Tourism.</p> Üzeyir Kement Aziz Bükey Berkan Başar Murat Göral Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-24 2021-06-24 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.32195 Local People’s Perception of Ecotourism: the Case of Salda Lake https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/32179 <p>The present research was carried out in the sample of Salda Lake in Turkey in order to determine the perception of local residents about cultural, economic and environmental effects of ecotourism and to identify the effect of these variables on their support for tourism development in the region. In the research, it was concluded that cultural, economic and environmental effects of ecotourism act as an antecedent of the support by local people residing around Salda Lake on tourism development in the region. In addition, the local people’s length of residence in the region creates a moderating effect in the relationship between cultural, economic and environmental effects of tourism and the residents’ support for tourism development. The research findings provide suggestions to tourism planners, destination management organizations (DMO) and academicians studying in the context of tourism literature.</p> Özgür Yayla İlker Çinbilgel Özlem Dağdelen Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-07-31 2021-07-31 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.32179 Impacts of Covid-19 Pandemic on Ecotourism Segment in Amazonas State, Brazil https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/31517 <p>The COVID-19 pandemic has affected tourism worldwide. This paper examines the impacts of pandemic on companies and professionals related to ecotourism in the state of Amazonas, Brazil. For this purpose, we sent online structured questionnaire to workers in the sector, whose participation was voluntary and anonymous. We had 44 responses from seven macro-regions in the state, most of which were guides and workers in the market for over 15 years. For 91% of respondents, the pandemic totally affected personal or company turnover. Strategies to minimize impacts were adopted in 97% of cases, such as cancellation or rescheduling. The turnover forecast for the remainder of 2020 was very high for 38.6% of respondents. The budget recovery forecast is of at least two years for 43.2% of the cases. The professionals related to ecotourism in Amazonas had their activities affected and the perspective is for a slow recovery, resulting in vulnerability for the activity. Brazil's current image abroad, referring to the weak implementation of actions to mitigate the effects of the pandemic, represents a risk to the activity in Amazonas. Public policies are of utmost importance to recover the ecotourism and the valorization of the different actors and companies related to this tourist segment.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Amazon; Coronavirus; Social isolation; Protected area; Tourism.</p> Marcelo Derzi Vidal Fernanda Pozzan Paim Pedro Meloni Nassar Susy Rodrigues Simonetti Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2021-06-24 2021-06-24 10.34019/2238-2925.2021.v11.31517 El Turismo en un Mundo Incierto: desafios para el siglo XXI en un contexto post COVID19 https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/abet/article/view/31397 <p>From its inception, tourism was associated to the urgency to adopt governance as a main discourse. Governance not only allowed a reduction of poverty but also accelerated some long dormant social maladies enrooted in the asymmetries of nation-states. The rise of radicalism and terrorism, as well as the War on terror showed not only the incapacities of western rationality to understand the Non-Western Other, but the problems of global capitalism. The present essay review explores not only the role of tourism as well as the next challenges in an ever-changing World but also the problem of a new class which feel pleasure through the Other´s pain. The COVID-19, far from being a foundational event, reaffirms a previously-established logic that leads invariably to the end of western hospitality.</p> Maximiliano E. Korstanje Copyright (c) 2020 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET 2020-07-31 2020-07-31 1 11 10.34019/2238-2925.2020.v10.31397