Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos <p>Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) is an online open and free journal, publishing papers in the regime of continuous flux in a single issue per year (extraordinarily Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) can publish special issues), using the doble-blind peer review process.</p> Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora/UFJF en-US Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2238-2925 <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content, following the principle that providing free scientific knowledge to the public provides greater democratization of world knowledge. &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Authors must agree to the following terms relating to copyrights:</p> <p>(a) Authors keep all copyright and grant the to the journal the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the&nbsp;<em>Creative Commons Attribution License</em>&nbsp;that allowing job sharing with recognition of authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>(b) Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this magazine.</p> <p>(c) Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on your personal page) since they do not do this before or during the editorial process, as this can generate productive interchange, as well as increase the impact and citation of work aired. (See Effect of Free Access).</p> A research on determining the level of tourists’ satisfaction regarding Kazakh Cuisine <p>The main purpose of this research is to determine the satisfaction levels of foreign tourists visiting Kazakhstan regarding local cuisine. In addition, the determination of tourists' visit motives, behavioral intentions. The universe of the study consists of foreign tourists who visit Almaty city and experience unique Kazakh food and drinks. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews using the questionnaire technique. The evaluations of foreign tourists arising from their eating and drinking experiences in Kazakhstan are grouped into seven dimensions which are: local foods, personnel quality, facility quality, culinary culture, visit effect, menu, and price dimensions. It was determined that there were significant differences according to gender, frequency of visit, the purpose of visit, nationality, and age variables towards the local cuisine satisfaction of tourists. It can be said that the level of satisfaction of the tourists with the local foods and beverages they experience in Kazakhstan is high. There is a positive relationship between tourist satisfaction dimensions (local food, facility quality, visit effect, and price satisfaction) and frequency of tourists visiting Kazakhstan. It has been concluded that tourists visiting for leisure purposes give more importance to the quality of personnel, the quality of the facility, and the price.</p> Urmanbek Tagmanov Şevki Ulema Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-10-03 2023-10-03 10.5281/zenodo.8404339 COVID-19 and women in the tourism & hospitality workforce: a thematic analysis <p>The impact of COVID-19 on the tourism and hospitality industries is one of the most hotly debated studies in recent literature, but how women in the tourism and hospitality industries dealt with the pandemic has received insufficient attention. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to explore and investigate the impact of COVID-19 on women in the workforce, specifically in the hospitality and tourism industries in India. A qualitative study methodology was adopted, and in-depth interviews were conducted among 30 females, including employees, small-scale vendors, and entrepreneurs. A thematic analysis of the results was conducted using Nvivo-12. By using thematic analysis, twelve sub-themes were condensed into three main themes. The study addresses the main issues of women in the workforce in a time of uncertainty and crisis and highlights actions needed for the inclusive development of women in society.</p> Nimi Markose Bindu V.T. LeAnn Brown Babu George Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-03-03 2023-03-03 10.5281/zenodo.7698793 Recreational use of the Black Sea coast of Russia in Krasnodar Krai: significance and sensitivity of natural complexes <p>The paper presents the results of a study of the current condition and prospects of development of sustainable tourism in the coastal zones of the Black Sea in Krasnodar Krai (Russia). The aim of the study is to give a basis for and develop a method for determining the level of recreational pressure on coastal zones. The research methods applied are the empirical and practical methods of comparison and systemic and comprehensive analysis. The analysis based on statistical techiniques establishes the primary indicators for assessing the sustainability of tourism development in coastal areas. The conclusions confirm that the establishment of protected natural areas and the promotion of environmentally responsible practices among tourists and local residents are necessary to conserve the natural heritage of the region.</p> Tatiana Volkova Vladislav Goretskiy Nikon Klimov Ilya Rudenko Eduard Nagalevsky Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 10.5281/zenodo.7806573 Change in tourist trends as a result of restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic <p>As the novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) continues to spread throughout the world, the tourism industry operates under numerous social distancing constraints, which has a negative impact on demand, the economic performance of tourism businesses, and also leads to staff layoffs and numerous bankruptcies in the industry. The purpose of the article is to investigate changes in the established global trends in tourism under the influence of restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The study presents an analysis of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the tourism industry. The macrotrends in tourism before the introduction of restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the trends that emerged in tourism in the course of the pandemic are identified. The study suggests that the trends that made their appearance in tourism during the pandemic can contribute to the industry’s recovery from the crisis in the post-pandemic period. At the same time, the prospects for the tourism sector remain extremely unclear. The changes brought about by the pandemic force the authorities of virtually all countries of the world, especially those in which tourism is quite a significant sphere of development, to take a different approach to the formation of strategies and programs for the development of the tourism industry.</p> Natalya Saenko Lyudmila Shubtsova Igor Khmelev Ivan Otcheskiy Aleksandr Sakhno Vasily Sinyukov Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 10.5281/zenodo.7618728 Influence of green architecture objects on the ecological and tourist attractiveness of the urban environment <p>The development of large cities is associated with the deterioration of the environment, which pushes humanity to become aware of environmental priorities. As a result, cities have an urgent need to maximize the natural component of the urban environment. The article proposes that the design of green landscaping and architecture objects seeks to minimize the negative impact of construction on nature. The objective of this article is to evaluate the design characteristics of landscape design objects and green architecture as a means of ecological and tourist attractiveness of the urban environment. The literature review supports that there is a trend in the development of the modern urban environment thanks to the combination of urban and natural elements, which generates a new type of emotional and aesthetic impact on human beings and increases the environmental attractiveness of the urban environment for both city residents and tourists. Based on the case study method, the authors create a basic scheme for the probable implementation of the design of landscaping elements in an urban environment and the use of green architecture objects. The study of the experience of landscaping and design of green architecture objects allows us to conclude that the design of landscaping and green architecture objects is a new stage in the development of modern urban planning, based on the principles of attraction of natural components to the urban environment.</p> Oxana Vasilyeva Vasily Sinyukov Tatiana Ukhina Grigoriy Bazhin Ivan Otcheskiy Lina Zakharova Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-05-11 2023-05-11 10.5281/zenodo.7927037 Legal framework as a conditioning factor underlying the exploitation of agrotourism and ecotourism: an analysis of current conditions in Russia and Belarus <p>This paper considers various possibilities and prospects for the development of agricultural and ecotourism in Russia. In the context of financial and logistical constraints on the Russian business, the closure of many traditional tourist destinations necessitates a reorientation of tourist flows both in terms of location and in terms of tourist interest. Currently, travelers are inclined to choose new types of tourism, including agrotourism and ecotourism. Agrotourism and ecotourism can become a significant economic component for several agricultural and natural areas. The study demonstrates that the closure of traditional tourist destinations for Russian tourists creates unique conditions for the redirection of tourist flows and the qualitative reorientation of tourism. The main tasks of regulation in this area are streamlining relations in the following combination "agricultural and natural territories – tourism business – a consumer of a tourism product (tourist)", as well as observing the legitimate interests of all participants in such relations. The authors of the article study positive global experience in the organization and regulation of agrotourism and ecotourism. They also propose some legal formulations for the formation of legal concepts aimed at supporting the development of the tourism business in both agricultural and environmental areas.</p> Ekaterina Vetrova Vitalii Vasyukov Ivan Otcheskiy Alexey Deyev Aleksandr Sakhno Aleksandra Panova Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 10.5281/zenodo.7726441 Tourist and recreational potential of the steppe zones of the Azov Coast within the Krasnodar region (Russia) <p>This study explores the tourism and recreational potential of Russia's Azov coast in the Krasnodar region. The research aims to comprehensively describe the area's natural recreational resources, identify limiting factors, and evaluate prospects for tourism and recreation. Multiple sources, including government reports, academic publications, and tourism industry reports, were reviewed to collect data on the region's history, environment, and socio-economic aspects. The Azov coast boasts sandy and shell beaches, spits, peninsulas, estuaries, mineral waters, and a favorable climate. These resources offer various recreational possibilities. Nevertheless, limiting factors include seasonality, underdeveloped infrastructure, political and epidemiological challenges, insufficient attention to the region's heritage, and high recreational demand. In conclusion, this study underscores the importance of the Azov coast's diverse natural resources for year-round tourism development. It emphasizes the need to address factors like shore protection, infrastructure development, and heritage promotion for sustainable tourism growth. These efforts can enhance the region's economic stability and reduce its reliance on the Black Sea area.</p> Tatiana Volkova Natalia Pikalova Viktoriya Anisimova Nikon Klimov Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-09-29 2023-09-29 10.5281/zenodo.8400592 Beyond the Protected World Heritage in Brazil <p>Heritage is at risk for several reasons: economic, health, climate, political, social and war crises. Even with the auspices of Unesco, the title of World Heritage, by itself, does not always protect the sites that have received this seal of approval. Brazil, with 23 World Heritage sites, whether cultural, natural and/or mixed, reflects in its territory aspects of this crisis that, in part, is the result of a disordered tourism. The dossier Tourism and Unesco World Heritage Sites in Brazil, from the Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies), showed, through seven articles, several aspects and approaches about tourism in sites that house the national heritage recognized by Unesco. It was observed in the dossier that, in addition to the world heritage title, effective public policies and territorial management with popular participation are needed so that the "heritage-territory" is not reproduced, which touristifies in an unsustainable way. It is hoped that the heritage will primarily serve the communities inserted in and around these sites. And that even in areas already gentrified, governments, educational institutions and private companies may act to reinsert and integrate local communities and traditional populations in the tourist activity and as agents of heritage protection.</p> Ricardo E. Fonseca Filho Maria Amália de Oliveira Solano de S. Braga Thiago Duarte Pimentel Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-11-11 2022-11-11 10.5281/zenodo.7314413 Gender and tourism consumption in Brazil: analysis of family budgets in the perspective of intersectionality <p>This article aims to analyze the relationship between gender and tourism consumption in Brazil from the perspective of intersectionality with sociodemographic characteristics such as race, income and household condition (urban/rural). This work is embedded in the growing debate about social agendas in the tourist context, linked to the lack of statistical data and information that allow stratified analyzes by social markers. The research analyzes data from the IBGE's Household Budget Survey (2017-2018), using descriptive statistics techniques, in addition to parametric tests and multivariate modeling. The modeling of tourist consumption made it possible to examine the conditional effects of each sociodemographic variable, seeking to describe the relationships between the explanatory variables and tourist consumption. Descriptive results indicate that households headed by women tend to consume less tourism than those headed by men. However, the analysis of conditional effects suggests that this difference is due to income inequality, and not directly to the gender difference. In this way, the intersectional analysis made it possible to clarify the structure behind the observable gender inequality in tourist consumption, pointing to income as a transmission and perpetuation mechanism of the lower access of women to travel.</p> Cassiana Panissa Gabrielli Juliana Medaglia Glauber Eduardo de Oliveira Santos Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-03-31 2023-03-31 10.5281/zenodo.7792157 The effect of the gastronomy and cookery students' neophobic and neophilic tendencies on their attitudes toward the street flavors <p>The trends for food neophobia and food neophilia can affect people's attitudes toward new foods. In this context, different regional street foods they have never consumed before can also be an unusual food experience for people. Street foods, which are foods and beverages offered in public areas, reflecting the culinary culture of countries with a rich and different product range, may differ from region to region and even according to the distinct geographical location and seasonal characteristics of the same territory. This study reveals the effects of food neophobia and food neophilia tendencies of gastronomy and cookery students on their attitudes toward street foods. The study concluded that food neophobia and food neophilia trends were linearly and positively related to the attitudes toward street foods. However, significant differences were found in students' neophobia and neophilia tendencies and their attitudes toward street foods according to demographic characteristics. In addition, it was determined that the students continued to consume street foods even though they did not find them hygienic. On the other hand, the study revealed that the students had a neophilia tendency.</p> Burak Çıtak Esra Gül Yilmaz Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-10-20 2023-10-20 10.5281/zenodo.10027234 State support of domestic tourism in the context of the COVID-19 consequences and financial constraints <p>Tourism is a sector that constitutes a significant part of many economies. Over the years, the tourism sector has proven its resilience and ability not only to recover from economic crises but also to contribute to economic and social recovery. The article aims at proposing practical measures for the state support of tourism activities in Russia in the context of the COVID-19 consequences and financial constraints on business. The study considers the measures taken in different countries to promote the development of domestic tourism in a pandemic. Based on an expert survey, state support measures for the development of domestic tourism are proposed as the most sustainable socio-economic model of tourism in the context of the post-COVID restrictions and imposed sanctions. It has been concluded that the reorientation and development of domestic tourism is, among other things, a type of adaptation that is necessary for Russian tourism and the economy to overcome the coronavirus consequences and the financial constraints of business.</p> Ekaterina Baranova Rita Stytsyuk Sergey Makushkin Aleksandr Shelygov Tatiana Ukhina Diana Stepanova Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-07-28 2023-07-28 10.5281/zenodo.8195969 Modeling a tourism regional cluster: the impact of administrative and logistic restrictions on the development of regulated clusters <p>The article proposes a tourism cluster structure dividing it into four main sectors: the production of tourism services (tourism enterprises, accommodation, catering, and transport services), the service sector, the auxiliary sector, and the life support sector. The article systematizes various models of regional tourism clusters depending on the distribution of roles, areas of interaction, the impact of integration, and the stages of the cluster life cycle: a non-core cluster, an axial cluster, a satellite cluster, and a regulated cluster. Authors concluded that due to the crisis caused by the pandemic, sanctions, and trade wars, the role of regulated tourist clusters in Russia will only increase since these clusters are more stable due to state support. In relation to external restrictions on outbound tourism, the state will focus on the development of domestic tourism while regulating the activities of tourism clusters. In this case, new projects of large-sized tourism businesses will be aimed not to obtain economic benefits but rather to demonstrate their loyalty to the existing government. On the contrary, businesses will rely on subsidies and economic support from the state.</p> Liliya Dukhovnaya Maria Sayenko Sergey Zenin Elena Kryukova Vladimir Sekerin Vasily Sinyukov Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-06-15 2023-06-15 10.5281/zenodo.8044974 Development of regional tourism: factors affecting the formation of professional competence in future professionals in tourism <p>The socio-political changes faced by Russia force universities to adjust the theoretical training and practical skills of students. These changes need to focus on the development of domestic tourism in Russia. In one hand, this brings about the need for a large number of specialists in domestic tourism and, on the other hand, for systemic adjustments to the training of future specialists in the organization of tourism. Thus, the study aims to identify factors in the formation of professional competence in future specialists in the organization of regional tourism in higher education. These factors are established through analysis of scientific sources and the results of an expert survey. We have identified to two groups of the major factors that need to be taken into consideration when training specialists. The first group of factors affects the content of training and, in particular, includes targeted formation of student motivation to master professional skills and abilities in developing regional tourist products using national experience. The second group influences the methods of training (e.g. including the use of group training methods and interactive technologies). conclusions show that he effectiveness of the formation of the professional competence of future specialists in the organization of regional tourism will be ensured primarily by targeted formation of students' motivation to master professional skills and abilities to form a regional tourist product and the use of national experience of formation and implementation of regional tourist products in the activities of tourist enterprises. Moreover, such formation will be facilitated by the use of group teaching methods and interactive technologies in teaching the development of regional programs, as well as by opportunities to take internships in the tourism support system at national enterprises.</p> Ivan Otcheskiy Diana Stepanova Natalia Bitter Maya Livson Rita Stytsyuk Olga Denisova Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 10.5281/zenodo.7714196 Developing tourist destination potential under influence of internal and external factors <p>This paper aims to identify the main factors of attractiveness of a leisure tourist destination that have the greatest impact on the tourism potential of the area. To this end, a theoretical review was conducted based on the topics of management and planning of tourist destinations, in general, and the conditioning factors of attractiveness of tourist destinations, in particular. Based on the analysis of the academic literature, the authors identified internal and external factors that affect the attractiveness of the tourist destination. The empirical study was conducted as a case study in Russia, with application of an online survey by e-mail to experts in planning and management of tourist destinations, in order to collect their perceptions about the importance of the factors of attractiveness of a tourist destination and highlighted their parameters, collate them with the pre-existing literature and consolidate a matrix of relevant categories for the analysis of the topic. The results explore the internal and external factors that affect the functioning of the attractiveness of the tourist destination. While the former focus directly on the destination's operations and functionality, allowing to improve the tourism potential in a given period of time; the external factors are the source of consumer provision on a legislative basis and take into account national and international developments. It was concluded that the attractiveness of the tourist destination, responsible for the tourism potential of the territory, lies in the balanced interaction of internal and external factors.</p> Ivan Otcheskiy Lyailya Mutaliyeva Elena Yudina Diana Stepanova Aleksandr Shelygov Elvira Seminskaya Copyright (c) 2023 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2023-04-05 2023-04-05 10.5281/zenodo.7803822 Geotourism Perception by Ouro Preto (Brazil) World Heritage Site Managers <p>The historic city of Ouro Preto was the first Brazilian heritage site recognized by Unesco, especially for cultural criteria. The city and its surroundings have a rich cultural and natural heritage, which can be further explored by geotourism, interpreting abiotic aspects, such as relief and rocks. In this sense, the objective of the research was to aim to understand the perception of geotourism by managers of the Ouro Preto heritage. The methodology took place in office and field stages. In the first one, there was a bibliographic and digital review and documental research, elaboration of a data collection instrument (structured qualitative and quantitative forms). In the second, remote interview application by Google Meet to a focus group of heritage managers in Ouro Preto. The results found demonstrate: that the offer of commercialized tourist attractions has geotourism potential; and that geotourism is still a poorly understood concept, with great emphasis on cultural heritage (and cultural tourism), and when natural heritage is associated with ecotourism and natural protected areas. It is concluded that there is a need for greater training in geotourism for the social actors responsible for heritage decision-making.</p> Ricardo Fonseca Nathália Machado Moutinho Paulo de Tarso Amorim Castro Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-10-28 2022-10-28 10.5281/zenodo.7262455 Economic and Noneconomic Determinants on Indian Inbound Tourism <p style="font-weight: 400;">This study was intended to study and analyze the impact of economic and non-economic determinants on Indian inbound tourism using time series data from 2011 to 2020. The data was collected encompassing 20 top FTA receiving countries to India. The study focuses on 18 possible determinants instrumental in Indian Inbound tourism. Initially, these 18 determinants were identified on the basis of opinion propounded by experts from industry and academia. Then the content analysis was done from 126 empirical research papers to arrive at its inclusion. Having explored these determinants for Indian Inbound tourism, an analysis was done by pooled and fixed-effects models of multiple regression. A Country-wise data set was used to found country-specific determinants of foreign tourists' arrival to India. The results shows that the Consumer Price Index (CPI), Gross Domestic Products (GDP), Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) are economic determinants having a positive impact on the Number of Foreign Tourist Arrivals while Climate, Culture, Common Language and Religion as noneconomic determinants which also have positive impact on the dependent variable and are statistically significant whereas, the factors like Bilateral Trade, Exchange rate, Relative price, and Safety and Security at destination sites have found no statistically significant impact on Indian inbound tourism.</p> Nanita Tyagi Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-11-21 2022-11-21 10.5281/zenodo.7361657 Tourism in Urban Intervention Processes: the Case of Little Africa (RJ) <p>The article promotes an analysis of the ten years of implementation of the Porto Maravilha [Marvelous Port] project in the port area of the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Returning to previous projects, the article describes the territory in question from different models of urban intervention, presenting the space in question as a target of disputes. In this scenario, subterranean memories and narratives of resistance provide possibilities for reflection about the social function of tourism, since assets recognized as symbols of the African diaspora in the region, such as the archaeological site of Cais do Valongo, challenge silencing and tension social structures towards a new collective consciousness about heritage, ancestry and Brazilian identity.</p> Débora Anízio Rios Maria Amália Silva Alves de Oliveira Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-07-21 2022-07-21 10.5281/zenodo.6872521 Piauí Regional Gastronomy: a Tool for Cultural <p>Gastronomy can be considered a key aspect of an intangible cultural asset and is included in the Livro de Registro dos Saberes (Knowledge Record Book) of the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute) in Brazil. Brazilian gastronomic traditions are considered as a large set of socio-cultural practices and in simple dishes, food and production habits from many generations are attributed. In this way, the aspects of identity inherent to social transitions between communities, generating the feeling of belonging among social groups, which until then saw these habits as a simple means of subsistence, are currently an attraction of great influence in the tourist, cultural and geographical field. Thus, this research aimed to recognize from the point of view of gastronomy the expertise of making cassava flour as an intangible cultural heritage of the state of Piauí, being a relevant activity for the subsistence of many communities such as the village of Canto Grande, in the municipality of Cajueiro da Praia, in the state of Piauí. The methodology adopted was based on bibliographic research in books and scientific articles, in addition to participatory observation, in the context of the production processes of the cassava flour in the village of Canto Grande, providing information about the diversified method of production and the materials and tools used by this community located in the northern part of Piauí.</p> Antônia Beatriz Ribeiro Araújo Solano de Souza Braga Marina Furtado Gonçalves Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-07-12 2022-07-12 10.5281/zenodo.6823794 Tourism Clustering as a Factor of Regional Economic Growth: Structural Features of a Regional Cluster <p>The cluster model is crucial for developing tourism. Such clusters enable the economic development of any region and the whole country and increase the competitiveness of the final product in the market and the production activities of enterprises included in the clusters. This is especially relevant for the tourism industry, which is a promising area of economic development. Therefore, it is significant to study the possibilities and experience of implementing the cluster model in further research. The study aims at determining and analyzing the main structural features of the regional tourism cluster. Based on an expert survey, the article determines and considers the main structural features of the regional tourism cluster as exemplified by the existing regional tourism clusters in Russia. It is concluded that the main structural feature of a regional tourism cluster is its structural connectivity which provides participants with an advantage over competitors acting separately.</p> Tatiana Ukhina Natalia Shafazhinskaya Nadezhda Panikarova Agata Kovaleva Dmitriy Ryakhovsky Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 10.5281/zenodo.7278572 Influence of Urban Recreation and Infrastructural Resources on the Development of Tourist Destinations <p>The article is devoted to the consideration of socio-economic aspects of the development of urban tourist destinations. A city as a tourist destination is a settlement that possesses a sufficient number of tourist and recreational resources, social infrastructure facilities, at least one type of transport accessibility, positioning itself as a tourist center within the state to which it belongs. Measures for the development of the tourist and recreational sector in tourist cities should provide for a comprehensive solution to the priority problems of the urban development and main tourist zones of cities, further strengthening tourist, excursion, and sanatorium-resort services, expanding the range of recreational and tourist services and creating an appropriate material, technical and personnel base, increasing the volume of income from all type tourist activities in contemporary conditions.</p> Irina Solomina Dmitry Tsapuk Olga Isaeva Irina Shadskaja Ivan Kapustin Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 10.5281/zenodo.7402569