Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos 2022-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Thiago Duarte Pimentel Open Journal Systems <p>Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) is an online open and free journal, publishing papers in the regime of continuous flux in a single issue per year (extraordinarily Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) can publish special issues), using the doble-blind peer review process.</p> <p>It receives original and unpublished works, which are not being reviewed in other publication media. Scientific research articles on tourism as well essays, case reports and reviews are accepted in Portuguese, English, Spanish or French from the standpoint of the social sciences (sociology, political science, anthropology, urban planning, public and social management, etc.).</p> <p>Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) is published by the Economic and Social Observatory of Tourism / ESOT in collaboration with the Knowledge Research Group on "Knwoldge, Organization and Tourism" - COGITO / CNPq, both attached to the Department of Tourism from Federal University of Juiz de Fora/UFJF .</p> <p><br />Template for Submission:</p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p><br />Guidelines for authors:</p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p><br />Criteria to the papers' assessment:</p> <p><a title=";ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true" href=";ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true">;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true</a></p> Behavior Intention to Adopt IRCTC Application for Railway Ticket Reservation Service: a case study of Goan consumers (India) 2021-12-31T19:47:05+00:00 Jick Castanha Mayuri Prabhu Subhash Kizhakanveatil Bhaskaran Pillai Indrawati Thiago Duarte PIMENTEL <p>Last decade witnessed an increase in usage of internet which led to increase in smartphone usage with various applications developed for making the life of people easy, resulting in dynamic change in the lifestyle of people. One such dynamic change taken place in India is in the area of transport, especially rail travel application started by Indian Railways, namely, Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) portal. Present paper tries to identify the reason why people consider the IRCTC application as the most reliable application. Model was proposed by adopting the factors from Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) along with an addition of perceived trust as an influencing factor. Data from 193 usable questionnaires was collected from Goa and were tested against the research model. Result indicated that habit, hedonic motivation, performance expectancy, and perceived trust were the main predictors of behavior intention to adopt and use IRCTC application. The proposed model was able to explain 65% variance on behavior intention. It was also found that income moderates the relationship between facilitating condition and behaviour intention. The study also provides valuable insight for the management to improve the IRCTC application in order to motivate customers to adopt and continuously use the services of this application.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> IRCTC Application; UTAUT2; Behaviour Intention; Technology Adoption; Indian Railways.</p> 2021-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Intangible Heritage and Tourism: Contemporary Discussions Between Brazil and Mexico 2021-11-18T16:55:35+00:00 Rodrigo Christofoletti <p>The Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, in accordance with the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, adopted by UNESCO in 2003, includes the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge and techniques, together with the instruments, objects and cultural places that it they are associates, which communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as an integral part of their Cultural Heritage. One of the most visible vectors in the dissemination and protection of these cultural manifestations is tourism, which each year promotes new spaces to recognize their respective material heritage, but which, since the beginning of the century, has also directed its attention to expanding the practices. intangible heritage. In this text, we will make a brief comparison between the seventeen intangible heritage registered in the two most representative Latin American countries in terms of tourist visibility (Brazil and Mexico) and we will present how these countries have worked in the search for a broader understanding. of the bonuses and charges of the UNESCO seal, understanding the relationship between tourism and intangible heritage as a relevant soft power.</p> 2022-01-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Reputation of the Natural Heritage: the Iguaçu National Park (Brazil) on the Tripadvisor Website 2021-11-23T16:31:24+00:00 Valéria de Meira Albach Kemmely Guedes de Carvalho Jasmine Cardozo <p>Brazilian and international studies about online reputation continue bringing contributions to the management of attractions, equipment and tourist destinations. This research, descriptive with systematic literature review, aims to assess the opinion of users of the TripAdvisor, through a specific methodology, with the objective to recognize the online reputation of the World Natural Heritage – Iguaçu National Park. A total of 957 posts were analyzed, they positively evaluated the attraction with a maximum score of 90%. The comments were classified by keywords and then classified into 3 (three) main categories: landscape; services in the conservation unit and activities. After that, each post was classified in different aspects that resulted in 3,422 comments, 90.18% positive and 9.82% negative. The positive highlight was given to the aspects: Scenic Beauty, Landscape Landmarks, Infrastructure/Accessibility, Activities and Attractions. Negative comments, even in smaller numbers, were emphasized, as they are more complex to manage. The fact that the Park is a World Natural Heritage Site was not evidenced by the users. With this data, the PNI managers have an additional tool to assist in the management of public use, improving the services and activities carried out.</p> 2022-01-07T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Introduction 2021-08-13T23:24:30+00:00 Subhash Kizhakanveatil Bhaskaran Pillai Sharad Kumar Kulshreshtha Maximiliano E. Korstanje Thiago Duarte Pimentel <p>The recent virus outbreaks recently occurred in Wu-Han (China) not only has shown the vulnerability of the tourism industry but also stopped the world. Specialists and colleagues of all pundits have been debated hotly on the effects of COVID-19 on the tourism industry as well as the future of tourism research. For some voices, Coronavirus disease should be esteemed as a valid opportunity towards a more sustainable world (Gossling, Scott &amp; Hall, 2020; Higgins-Desbiolles, 2020; Prideaux, Thompson &amp; Pabel 2020) while for other it poses a serious challenge for the future of the industry (Korstanje 2020). Beyond this discrepancy, COVID19 has been widely and rapidly disseminated through the modern means of mobilities and transport which connected dispersed geographical areas in hours. Basically, and in weeks, the virus –originally spread in China- arrived in Europe and the US. In almost a month, the disease expanded to the rest of Latin America and Africa affecting all nations in the earth. The pandemic has unfortunately left 665.231 deaths infecting almost 17.040.985 (numbers updated in July). Although governments adopted different tactics and strategies, they consisted in several restrictions to global mobilities and tourism such as the cancelation of all incoming flights, national borders as well as the airspace, and the imposition of a lock-down which impeded internally the transit of persons. One of the most castigated countries were the US (152.945 victims) followed by Brazil (88.792 victims), the UK (45.961), Mexico (44.876), Italy (35.129) and Spain (28.441) only to name a few. What is more important, COVID-19 ushered the tourism industry in an unparalleled crisis which today needs from the inter-disciplinary research to find success post-pandemic strategies for a rapid recovery. Because of this, this thematic issue section brings together papers from professional researchers, scholars, and post-graduate students, as also policy-makers, that bring their advances with a strong focus on the effects and consequences of Coronavirus in tourism and hospitality.</p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Innovation in Services in the Tourist Sector: a Case Study in the Tents of “Praia do Futuro” (Fortaleza-Ceará-Brazil) 2021-08-20T07:24:04+00:00 Ana Cristina Sousa de Oliveira Saboia Jean Max Tavares André Riani Costa Perinotto <p>This research aims to identify the main innovations implemented in the stalls of Praia do Futuro in Fortaleza (CE). The search for innovation of companies from different economic sectors aims to remain competitive, as well as meet customer expectations and needs in a satisfactory manner. In the tourism sector, innovation aims to provide the customer with a pleasant experience, stimulating the return to the tourist destination. The Praia do Futuro stalls, tourist attraction of Fortaleza destination, must be prepared to implement innovations that make its customers loyal through the quality and diversity of its services. This way, exploratory and descriptive research was carried out, with the application of a questionnaire in 31 stalls of the 60 existing stalls in Praia do Futuro. The results show that providing customer satisfaction is the most important reason to innovate, because the satisfied customer can attract new customers by disclosing the good service and, consequently, influence the increase in the profit of the stalls.</p> 2022-04-05T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Geopolitical Risks and International Tourist Arrivals to Turkey: a Causality Study 2021-10-15T18:29:03+00:00 Engin Bayraktaroğlu Samet Gürsoy Fatih Günay Yusuf Karakuş <p>This study aimed to examine the causal connection between geopolitical risks and Turkey's international tourist arrivals. The causality was tested between risk indices and foreign visitor demand on monthly data. Turkey was selected because many geopolitical risks had occurred in the last two decades and has had a terror risk named PKK for many years. The geopolitical risk indices were created from news based on the issues. The causality was tested using Toda-Yamamoto and asymmetric causality was tested using the Hatemi-J method in the period of 1998-2019. Findings of the study showed that there is unidirectional causality between global risks and tourist arrivals to Turkey, and bi-directional causality between domestic risk and tourist arrivals. Hatemi-J test results support the findings that the causality from positive shocks of risks causes negative shocks of tourist arrivals and vice versa. Herewith, it can be said that tourism demand to Turkey, in the context of foreign visitors, was affected by global or domestic geopolitical risks. This may be a sign that Turkey has a tourism-led terrorism problem targeting Turkey's tourism and economy.</p> 2021-10-26T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET The Effect of Proactive Personality and Locus of Control on Innovative Work Behavior: the Mediating Role of Work Engagement 2021-10-15T06:36:22+00:00 Mehmet Tekeli Aziz Gökhan Özkoç <p align="left">The aim of the study is to test the mediating role of work engagement on the effects of proactive personality and locus of control characteristics on innovative work behaviors of the employees. A field study was conducted, and the research data were collected using the questionnaire technique for an empirical analysis of the structural equation modeling created for this purpose. The research population has consisted of employees working in food and beverage departments of hotel businesses, where complex and complicated activities are carried out, therefore a high amount of qualified workforce is needed. According to the results obtained in the results of the survey applied to the employees who provide services in the food and beverage department of the hotels located in Antalya province, which is one of the most important tourist destinations in Turkey. Employees' proactive personality characteristics and their level of commitment positively affect their tendency to show innovative entrepreneurial behavior; proactive personality and internal locus of control had a positive and significant effect on work engagement; however, the mediating effect of external locus of control on innovative entrepreneurial behavior was not detected as significant.</p> 2022-01-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Country of Origin, Covid-19 Vaccine and the Future of Travel: a Preliminary Study in Iran 2021-02-08T21:56:17+00:00 Sara Mirzaee Reyhaneh Jalalinejad Babu George <p>Country-of-origin is one of the most crucial aspects of a brand's success. Country-of-origin has a significant impact on how brands are perceived, especially in terms of the promise of quality they deliver. While different countries have announced vaccines, there has been a global hesitation to buy into those claims. Successful adoption of a successful vaccine is critical to re-launching global travel and the leisure economy. In this article, we discuss the importance of country of origin in products getting the trust needed for them to succeed – particularly a vaccine for Covid-19. A preliminary survey was conducted among 662 Iranian social media users, directly on LinkedIn and also via a Google survey instrument. Germany merged to be the iconic symbol of quality and transparency and respondents felt confident that they would not hesitate to be subjected to a German made vaccine. Germany is globally perceived as a quality leader in high technologies and medicine and Iranians concurred with this belief.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Keywords:</strong> Country of origin; Branding; Vaccine; Covid-19; Tourism; Iran.</p> 2021-02-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Tourism in Ouro Preto – MG 2021-06-15T17:53:45+00:00 Elielton dos Santos Oliveira Gabriela Maria de Lana Pinto Carolina Lescura Marcos Eduardo Carvalho Gonçalves Knupp <p>The year 2020 markedly became a period of major changes in human history. The pandemic caused by the new coronavirus, COVID-19, created an unprecedented economic crisis, ocausing a temporary halt in several activities worldwide and a movement to reflect on new ways of creating more responsible and innovative tourism. In view of this scenario, the present work seeks to analyze the impacts, especially economic ones, arising from the pandemic of the new coronavirus on tourism in the municipality of Ouro Preto (MG). We opted for the appreciation of the lodging facilities segment due to its occupancy rate which reflects the flow of tourists in the locality. In order to achieve the proposed objective, interviews with semi-structured scripts, questionnaires, and the Tax Comparison of Service of Any Nature - TCSAN of the years 2018, 2019, and 2020 were collected from companies that performed the activity of hosting in the locality. Through this, it was possible to observe some reflexes of this impact, such as the lack of management for periods of crisis and the resumption without planning, resulting in an increase in the number of deaths and contaminated people.</p> 2021-12-22T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Spill Over of Novel Covid-19 Pandemic on Punjab Tourism 2021-02-16T02:59:14+00:00 Ramanpreet Kaur Manju Mittal <p>The paper purposes to describe the spread of Covid-19 in Punjab, pre Covid-19 period, its effects on Punjab Tourism, and also put forwards a set of recovery measures for tourism sector. The data used is secondary in nature, collected from news broadcasted by several media outlets, various journals, newspapers, articles and official website of Punjab Tourism, Ministry of Tourism, WHO.&nbsp; The study investigated that the outbreak of the global pandemic Covid-19 (Corona Virus Disease -2019) pandemic is an unprecedented shock to the state’s tourism industry. The Punjab Tourism was in a prospering state before Covid-19 struck. With the prolonged country-wide lockdown, global economic downturn and associated disruption of movement of tourists, the Punjab tourism industry is facing an extended period of decline.&nbsp; The study indicates the effects of Covid-19 in Punjab Tourism and also extends the preventive measures to tackle the pandemic. Although, the length of the impact will depend upon the duration and gravity of the health crisis, the duration of the lockdown and the manner in which the situation unfolds once the lockdown is lifted yet the situation can be tackled by adopting the suggestive recovery measures.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> COVID-19 Pandemic; Punjab Tourism; Tourists Arrival; Spill Over; Recovery Measures.</p> 2021-02-16T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Analysis of the Effects of Covid-19 on Travel and Tourism Product Purchase Decisions 2021-09-02T20:47:59+00:00 Şevki Ulema Serkan Şengül Oğuz Türkay Mehmet Sarıışık <p>This study aims to determine the differences between behaviors of potential tourists by examining how the crisis perception of COVID-19 impacts tourism demand and what kind of attitudinal dimensions potential tourists bring to the fore in their travel requests. Data were collected from 685 local tourists living in Turkey. Explanatory Factor Analysis was performed, followed by a t-test and one-way ANOVA, to determine the differences between demographic features. In the face of the pandemic, the potential tourist will tend to isolate, avoid, and turn to alternative forms of tourism. In addition, the approach to traditional travel and accommodation activities is changing and has been altogether thrown into question. The differentiation of tourism preferences according to the demographic characteristics of participants reveals that the effects of the pandemic differ depending on personal characteristics. The effect of external environmental conditions on consumer behavior and demand in tourism is a topic studied in the literature. There are also studies on the impact of regional epidemics on tourism, such as SARS, Ebola, among others. However, empirical studies on the impact of a global pandemic such as the Covid-19 on consumer behavior and demand in tourism are limited. This study which determine the effect of Covid-19 on tourism demand and consumer behavior, will contribute to the literature. The results of this study can be a guide for tourism businesses in other countries. It can be a source for academically similar studies in terms of method and application.</p> 2021-10-09T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Tasting Tourism: a New Phase Towards Experiencing Indian Cuisine After the Pandemic 2021-02-08T10:44:37+00:00 Jyoti Prakash Karan Bir Singh <p>Since the evolution of mankind, the need for food and drink has been a major concern for humans. It has been reported from the ancient records that human had to cultivate and the store food for consumption but as time passed humans started to travel from one place to another in search of food and drink which further in the modern era gave rise to the tourism sector where people travel for one place to another to explore new culture and experience the local cuisine which depicts about the place and its community living around the region. Due to this, there was a tremendous increase in the percentage of tourists every year in different continents where they only travel for leisure and availing the local cuisine that included both food and the local beverage of the location. Therefore, the essence of food is also a vital part of the lifestyle for every individual and tourists who travel to the destination and try to experience the local cuisine. If you see the world, most of the tourists are eagerly mad at traveling to India, wherein every 100 meters you will get a varied cuisine influence which fascinates the international tourists towards the country's culinary inheritance. Therefore, the role of promotion and marketing of the regional cuisine of a country as it showcases the cultural identity of the nation's heritage. Henceforth, the paper explores the framework of the tasting tourism as to create a new phase of tourism after the Covid-19 in order to increase the tourism sector by introducing a new segment where the cuisine will showcase the opportunity for providing an extensive knowledge for the regional cuisine and beverages available, where they can experience during their travel to the region. But due to the pandemic situation, it has been seen that the Indian tourism sector had a drastic change as the inflow of foreign tourists decreased, and also the food business sector is facing downfall due to the rapid spread of the virus.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words</strong>: Gastronomy; Tasting Tourism; Indian cuisine; Marketing; Promotion; Tourists.</p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET A Study on Adept Soft Skill & Knowledge Accompanying Hospitality Employee Retention Behavior During Covid-19 Lockdown Phase 2021-02-08T10:45:16+00:00 Salla Vijay Kumar <p>This article converses the acceptability, challenges, and cue forward on hotel employees' through academic research on digital literacy. The researcher intends to study the correlation between personalized training customized by organizations and self –learning digital transformation which has shown its prominence during the unprecedented lockdown phase. The article also tries to emphasize labor flexibility and participation in decision making through various communication channels working in a conducive environment. The bibliographical review studies depict hospitality education, employment, and manpower development as some of the concerns being faced in the digital generation. The results of studies conducted show employee's digital competence as a catalyst to their productivity. They have reinforced and expanded the horizon of the employees to run with the advancement. Paul Gilster (1977) in his book has represented digital technologies as an "essential life skill." The conclusions are that there is an increase in understanding, using, and creating information sources using digital technologies in the tourism sector. The new-gen hoteliers are themselves keeping abreast with the latest innovation in procedures and practices to offer the service or product through the digital presence and retain the customers. Through this paper, the researcher would like to relate e-HR developmental approaches, customer relations management, and retention modeling as a tool for sustainable workforce investment.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> Hospitality; Digital; Literacy; Retention; Crisis; Knowledge.</p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Pandemic’s (Covid-19) Impact on Tourism Sector of India 2021-02-08T10:37:35+00:00 Mohammad Faisal Devendra Kumar Dhusia <p>This paper examines the impact of pandemic on domestic tourism sector in India through finding out the changes in preferences of domestic tourists due to the pandemic (COVID-19).&nbsp; For this purpose, primary data is collected from 364 Indian nationals to gain insights and secondary data is collected from various online sources such as reports, research articles, websites, books, etc. A structured questionnaire is developed for collecting primary data. The result of data analysis revealed that there is not much difference between numbers of people who used to travel before the pandemic and who want to travel after relaxations or vaccination according to their criteria as well as 76.2% respondents have intentions to travel for tourism activities within one year after relaxations (some or complete) or vaccination. The other findings disclosed that the history of Coronavirous cases of a state matter while choosing a destination and pandemic has influenced the preferences of the people for tourism components. These findings may help tourism as well as hospitality market players to develop new tourism products which also cover these changed preferences and help in reviving their business as well as the industry as early as possible by satisfying the tourists.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> Pandemic (COVID-19). Globalisation. Tourism. Health Tourism. Relaxations. Vaccination.</p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Tourism Industry in Russia and Global Covid-19 Pandemic: Threats, Counteractions, Trends 2021-02-08T10:33:07+00:00 Oleg E. Afanasiev Alexandra V. Afanasieva <p>The present paper is dedicated to COVID-19 pandemic impact that manifested itself around the world since the end of 2019 and significantly affected the tourism and hospitality industry. In Russia and in the world, tourism is among industries the most affected by the consequences of restrictions and anti-epidemiological measures against COVID-19. The article divides the examples of mechanisms for overcoming the epidemic consequences in tourism, developed by different states and in Russia, in 9 groups (categories), and considers them in a comparative aspect. COVID-19 exacerbated relationship problems between two main subjects of the tourism market - tour operators and travel agents. Numerous mechanisms of government supporting Russian tourism industry do not work to the full and are not effective enough. The article discusses these problems, highlights the main trends and prospects of the tourism industry in Russia and in the world, and tries to outline the contours of the "post-Сovid" future of the tourism sector. The industry is in deep crisis, but at the same time, it expects new breakthrough ideas and technologies, creative solutions and non-standard proposals. Probably, the tourism projects, formed on these foundations and mechanisms, will become new drivers of industry growth after the end of the pandemic.<strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Key words:</strong> Tourism industry; COVID-19 pandemic impact on tourism; Tourism industry in Russia; Global tourism crisis; Trends and measures to supporting subjects of the tourism market.</p> 2021-02-08T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Covid-19 and the end of Tourism Research? New Forms of Tourism in the State of Emergency 2021-02-08T10:40:07+00:00 Maximiliano E. Korstanje <p>The recent virus outbreak of COVID-19 (SARS-COV2), a new virus of the Coronavirous family has brought indescribable consequences for global commerce, mobilities and even for the industry of tourism. To some extent, some voices alerted on the idea probably tourism would be radically shifted, or scholars would witness the end of tourism as known before COVID-19. Most certainly, several studies will be published in the next years on the effects of this virus in the tourism and hospitality industry. This paper explores the changes and challenges of tourism research and epistemology in the years to come. Today´s tourism research is based on the needs of asking (interviewing tourists) to test operational hypotheses. From this viewpoint, the tourist seems to be the main source of information towards the consolidation of tourism research. Of course, the lack of activity and the cancellations of flights and bookings, following this reasoning, entail the end of tourism research. This conceptual work focuses on the complex nature of tourism – as a resilient activity – as well as the rise of new forms of tourism which will surely interrogate the discipline.<strong>&nbsp; </strong></p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> COVID-19; Mobilities; Crises; Tourism; End of tourism research.</p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET The Challenge of Covid-19 for Youth Travel 2021-02-08T10:39:11+00:00 Greg Richards Wendy Morrill <p>This paper analyses the effects of the first seven months of the Covid-19 pandemic on youth travel. Surveys of youth travel businesses between March and September 2020 showed youth tourism businesses were severely impacted, with a 26% drop in business volume in Quarter 1 of 2020 falling to -70% by May 2020. Business prospects for the year 2020 were dire and more than 80% of businesses expected their business prospects to get worse over the coming year. The effects of the pandemic were felt in all world regions and across almost all industry sectors. Youth travel businesses adopted a range of tactical and strategic measures in response to the crisis, including changing terms and conditions, increased marketing, creating partnerships and shifting business online. As youth travel depends on social interaction there are major challenges for the industry in future, but also a number of potential opportunities, such as the growth in domestic travel and the rise of digital nomads.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Keywords:</strong> Coronavirus / Covid-19; Crisis; Business impacts; Youth travel; digital nomads.</p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET The Real Implications and Effects of Covid19 in the Tourism Industry: what is the future of tourism in a world without tourists? 2021-01-31T05:17:55+00:00 Subhash Kizhakanveatil Bhaskaran Pillai Sharad Kumar Kulshreshtha Maximiliano E. Korstanje <p>Although scholars have been particularly fascinated by the effects of covid19, no less true seems to be that we know little about its evolution and practical effects in the tourism industry. What is more important, the real implications of the pandemic in the global economy, as well as tourism, are uncertain (Romagosa, 2020; Korstanje 2020).&nbsp;In the mid of this mayhem, some voices have alerted on the opportunities of COVID19 to re-found the epistemological borders of tourism research (Wen et al 2020; Rogerson &amp; Baum, 2020) while others called their attention to the problems of an ecological crisis precipitated by the capitalist system (Gossling, Scott &amp; Hall, 2020; Prayag, 2020; Higgins-Desbiolles, 2020).&nbsp;The economic-based theory, which over years monopolized knowledge production and distribution in the academic tribes, failed not only to give a precise definition of tourism but to consolidate the discipline as a serious option. Based on the needs of protecting businesses or the organic image of the destination, this theory emphasized the figure the tourist as the only source of valid information.&nbsp;Still further, the economic-based paradigm has invariably led the discipline towards an unparalleled crisis, as some scholars adhere (Tribe, Dann &amp; Jamal, 2015; Tribe 1997; 2010). As Adrian Franklin (2007) puts it, “tourist-centricity” exhibits a restrictive viewpoint of tourism which is limited to a managerial perspective based on the tourist as the only agent of the system. As a result of this, other actors and voices are pushed away to peripheral places.&nbsp;To some extent, COVID19, so far, shows the impossibility to make applied research in a world without tourists. Having said this, the present issue explores not only the limitation of the current tourism theory –and research- but also the opportunities and challenges posed on the industry in the years to come.</p> 2021-01-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET The Impact of Attitude and Subjective Norm on Airline Passengers’ Travel Intention in the Covid-19 Era: Mediating Role Of Perceived Risk 2021-08-29T08:38:15+00:00 İnci Polat Dilek Erdoğan Osman Seraceddin Sesliokuyucu <p>The covid-19 pandemic has had unprecedented effects without distinction between the public and private sectors. Service industries that have been interrelated in different ways have felt the effectsmore. The airline industry is the most important service-intensive sector and the COVID-19 era has important effects on the demand and supply of the industry. The demandside analysis of the industry, which has been consisted of the passengers, is important to understand in the COVID-19 era. The travel intention of airline passengers will play a critical role in the recovery process of the industry in the pandemic process. The study aims to reveal the antecedents of airline passengers' travel intentions in the COVID-19 era. The empirical data were collected through respondents in Turkey. The PLS-SEM was employed to test the hypotheses. Findings indicate that there is a significant relationship between travel intention and trust, perceived risk, perceived value, habit. Also, the findings show that there is no relationship between travel intention and social norms. According to the mediation analysis results, it was found that the trust and social norms in airline services directly affects the air travel intention, as well as indirectly by reducing the perceived risk.</p> 2021-10-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Covid-19 Shock to Tourism Industry: Possible Scenarios for Predicted Losses Between 2020-2024 2021-03-02T18:35:54+00:00 Mehmet Sariişik Oğuz Türkay Serkan Şengül İbrahim Murat Bicil Erhan Boğan <p>The main purpose of this study is to generate estimates of the total income and tourist arrivals in the tourism industry with the Covid-19 pandemic in the next five years (2020-2024). For this purpose, estimates were produced through ARV formulation considering the secondary data obtained from the official statistics in the 1995-2018 UNWTO reports and three different scenarios published in the World Economic Outlook April report. Taking the emerging results into account, if the Covid-19 pandemic lasts longer than expected (the best of the worst scenario), the next five years’ average tourist arrival shrinkage maybe -5,04% and an economic loss of $70.6 billion may occur. However, according to the worst-case scenario, an annual contraction of -11.54% and an economic loss of 141.8 billion dollars are expected in the tourism sector.</p> 2021-10-11T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET