Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos <p>Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) is an online open and free journal, publishing papers in the regime of continuous flux in a single issue per year (extraordinarily Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) can publish special issues), using the doble-blind peer review process.</p> en-US <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content, following the principle that providing free scientific knowledge to the public provides greater democratization of world knowledge. &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Authors must agree to the following terms relating to copyrights:</p> <p>(a) Authors keep all copyright and grant the to the journal the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the&nbsp;<em>Creative Commons Attribution License</em>&nbsp;that allowing job sharing with recognition of authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>(b) Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this magazine.</p> <p>(c) Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on your personal page) since they do not do this before or during the editorial process, as this can generate productive interchange, as well as increase the impact and citation of work aired. (See Effect of Free Access).</p> (Thiago Duarte Pimentel) (Me. Eliza Feres Moura) Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Beyond the Protected World Heritage in Brazil <p>Heritage is at risk for several reasons: economic, health, climate, political, social and war crises. Even with the auspices of Unesco, the title of World Heritage, by itself, does not always protect the sites that have received this seal of approval. Brazil, with 23 World Heritage sites, whether cultural, natural and/or mixed, reflects in its territory aspects of this crisis that, in part, is the result of a disordered tourism. The dossier Tourism and Unesco World Heritage Sites in Brazil, from the Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies), showed, through seven articles, several aspects and approaches about tourism in sites that house the national heritage recognized by Unesco. It was observed in the dossier that, in addition to the world heritage title, effective public policies and territorial management with popular participation are needed so that the "heritage-territory" is not reproduced, which touristifies in an unsustainable way. It is hoped that the heritage will primarily serve the communities inserted in and around these sites. And that even in areas already gentrified, governments, educational institutions and private companies may act to reinsert and integrate local communities and traditional populations in the tourist activity and as agents of heritage protection.</p> Ricardo E. Fonseca Filho, Maria Amália de Oliveira, Solano de S. Braga, Thiago Duarte Pimentel Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Fri, 11 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Geotourism Perception by Ouro Preto (Brazil) World Heritage Site Managers <p>The historic city of Ouro Preto was the first Brazilian heritage site recognized by Unesco, especially for cultural criteria. The city and its surroundings have a rich cultural and natural heritage, which can be further explored by geotourism, interpreting abiotic aspects, such as relief and rocks. In this sense, the objective of the research was to aim to understand the perception of geotourism by managers of the Ouro Preto heritage. The methodology took place in office and field stages. In the first one, there was a bibliographic and digital review and documental research, elaboration of a data collection instrument (structured qualitative and quantitative forms). In the second, remote interview application by Google Meet to a focus group of heritage managers in Ouro Preto. The results found demonstrate: that the offer of commercialized tourist attractions has geotourism potential; and that geotourism is still a poorly understood concept, with great emphasis on cultural heritage (and cultural tourism), and when natural heritage is associated with ecotourism and natural protected areas. It is concluded that there is a need for greater training in geotourism for the social actors responsible for heritage decision-making.</p> Ricardo Fonseca, Nathália Machado Moutinho, Paulo de Tarso Amorim Castro Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Fri, 28 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Economic and Noneconomic Determinants on Indian Inbound Tourism <p style="font-weight: 400;">This study was intended to study and analyze the impact of economic and non-economic determinants on Indian inbound tourism using time series data from 2011 to 2020. The data was collected encompassing 20 top FTA receiving countries to India. The study focuses on 18 possible determinants instrumental in Indian Inbound tourism. Initially, these 18 determinants were identified on the basis of opinion propounded by experts from industry and academia. Then the content analysis was done from 126 empirical research papers to arrive at its inclusion. Having explored these determinants for Indian Inbound tourism, an analysis was done by pooled and fixed-effects models of multiple regression. A Country-wise data set was used to found country-specific determinants of foreign tourists' arrival to India. The results shows that the Consumer Price Index (CPI), Gross Domestic Products (GDP), Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) are economic determinants having a positive impact on the Number of Foreign Tourist Arrivals while Climate, Culture, Common Language and Religion as noneconomic determinants which also have positive impact on the dependent variable and are statistically significant whereas, the factors like Bilateral Trade, Exchange rate, Relative price, and Safety and Security at destination sites have found no statistically significant impact on Indian inbound tourism.</p> Nanita Tyagi Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Tourism in Urban Intervention Processes: the Case of Little Africa (RJ) <p>The article promotes an analysis of the ten years of implementation of the Porto Maravilha [Marvelous Port] project in the port area of the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Returning to previous projects, the article describes the territory in question from different models of urban intervention, presenting the space in question as a target of disputes. In this scenario, subterranean memories and narratives of resistance provide possibilities for reflection about the social function of tourism, since assets recognized as symbols of the African diaspora in the region, such as the archaeological site of Cais do Valongo, challenge silencing and tension social structures towards a new collective consciousness about heritage, ancestry and Brazilian identity.</p> Débora Anízio Rios, Maria Amália Silva Alves de Oliveira Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Thu, 21 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Piauí Regional Gastronomy: a Tool for Cultural <p>Gastronomy can be considered a key aspect of an intangible cultural asset and is included in the Livro de Registro dos Saberes (Knowledge Record Book) of the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute) in Brazil. Brazilian gastronomic traditions are considered as a large set of socio-cultural practices and in simple dishes, food and production habits from many generations are attributed. In this way, the aspects of identity inherent to social transitions between communities, generating the feeling of belonging among social groups, which until then saw these habits as a simple means of subsistence, are currently an attraction of great influence in the tourist, cultural and geographical field. Thus, this research aimed to recognize from the point of view of gastronomy the expertise of making cassava flour as an intangible cultural heritage of the state of Piauí, being a relevant activity for the subsistence of many communities such as the village of Canto Grande, in the municipality of Cajueiro da Praia, in the state of Piauí. The methodology adopted was based on bibliographic research in books and scientific articles, in addition to participatory observation, in the context of the production processes of the cassava flour in the village of Canto Grande, providing information about the diversified method of production and the materials and tools used by this community located in the northern part of Piauí.</p> Antônia Beatriz Ribeiro Araújo, Solano de Souza Braga, Marina Furtado Gonçalves Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 12 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Tourism Clustering as a Factor of Regional Economic Growth: Structural Features of a Regional Cluster <p>The cluster model is crucial for developing tourism. Such clusters enable the economic development of any region and the whole country and increase the competitiveness of the final product in the market and the production activities of enterprises included in the clusters. This is especially relevant for the tourism industry, which is a promising area of economic development. Therefore, it is significant to study the possibilities and experience of implementing the cluster model in further research. The study aims at determining and analyzing the main structural features of the regional tourism cluster. Based on an expert survey, the article determines and considers the main structural features of the regional tourism cluster as exemplified by the existing regional tourism clusters in Russia. It is concluded that the main structural feature of a regional tourism cluster is its structural connectivity which provides participants with an advantage over competitors acting separately.</p> Tatiana Ukhina, Natalia Shafazhinskaya, Nadezhda Panikarova, Agata Kovaleva, Dmitriy Ryakhovsky Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Mon, 31 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Influence of Urban Recreation and Infrastructural Resources on the Development of Tourist Destinations <p>The article is devoted to the consideration of socio-economic aspects of the development of urban tourist destinations. A city as a tourist destination is a settlement that possesses a sufficient number of tourist and recreational resources, social infrastructure facilities, at least one type of transport accessibility, positioning itself as a tourist center within the state to which it belongs. Measures for the development of the tourist and recreational sector in tourist cities should provide for a comprehensive solution to the priority problems of the urban development and main tourist zones of cities, further strengthening tourist, excursion, and sanatorium-resort services, expanding the range of recreational and tourist services and creating an appropriate material, technical and personnel base, increasing the volume of income from all type tourist activities in contemporary conditions.</p> Irina Solomina, Dmitry Tsapuk, Olga Isaeva, Irina Shadskaja, Ivan Kapustin Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Improvement of Foreign Exchange Risk Management in Tourism and Hospitality Industry Enterprises <p>The study takes a look at the approaches to the foreign exchange risk management of tourism and hospitality industry enterprises as the expansion of foreign economic activity requires improving the efficiency of managing such risks. Transfer pricing is considered one of the most effective methods for regulating foreign exchange risk. The conceptual principles of foreign exchange risk management are developed with consideration of the place and goals of an enterprise in the tourism and hospitality industry, as well as the features of the internal and external environments, that create the prerequisites for increasing the efficiency of the organizational and economic mechanism. It is concluded that approaches to developing a program to improve the efficiency of managing risks under study determine the optimal combination of organizational and software-integrated aspects that reduce the level of risk to the optimum, given a steady increase in competitiveness and profitability.</p> Larisa Skabeeva, Marina Shaliapina, Nataliia Panova, Elena Nikolskaya, Olga Lebedeva Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A Comprehensive Mechanism to Optimize the Level of Efficiency of Security in Public Places in the Urban Environment as a Precondition for Tourism Development and Smart Cities <p>The objective of this conceptual paper is to map in a comprehensive and systematic way the set of mechanisms and activities used by public authorities and institutions to ensure the protection of order and security in public places in the urban environment. This is the case of Russia, for example. The protection of public order and ensuring public safety is a priority task of the activities of state internal affairs bodies and a necessary condition for any tourist activity, and particularly a problem for large cities since the existence of various governmental structures and public institutions are involved can hinder the process. By means of a documentary study, taking as an example the case of Russia, several factors affecting the safety of the urban environment have been considered, such as: public space, law, and order, public safety, the formation of a safe material urban environment. Also, various areas of activity in the functioning of the complex mechanism, the participating authorities and public institutions, their functions, and their role have been investigated, taking the Russian case as an example. The authors identified examples of successful solutions to problems of ensuring security and law and order in public places from Russian experience and supplemented by the international one. It has been concluded that proper provision of security and law and order in public places is achievable only in a complex, by combining the efforts of various state structures and the public. The ways to improve their activities have been proposed.</p> Suliman Sabiev, Firdousi Magomedov, Vitaly Pichugin, Indira Kokhanovskaya, Alexey Belov, Evgeniya Savoschikova Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Improvement of the Regulation of Tourism Activities in Modern Conditions <p>The aim of the study lies in improving approaches to the regulation of tourism activities in modern conditions. We consider that the orientations of the regulation of the development of tourism activities are represented by the normative and legal, economic, social and information spheres. The study analyzes and identifies the favorable conditions for each sphere, evidencing that: (a) in the normative and legal spheres, conditions should be created for the development of public-private partnerships through the design of strategies for the development of tourism clusters and the use of the instruments of tax investment loans for tourism enterprises; (b) in the economic sphere it is necessary to develop effective organizational and economic support measures for the promotion of the brand of the Russian Federation on international markets for tourism services; c) in the social sphere it is necessary to develop social tourism, in particular, family, children, business and green tourism, moreover, it is noted, d) in the information sphere, the desirability of developing cooperation with institutions of higher education and support and public recognition of the status of the subjects of tourism activity.</p> Elena Potekhina, Yurii Putrik, Sergey Barsukov, Anastasiya Smirnova, Elena Tretyak Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 29 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Staffing Formation in the Hospitality Industry <p>The authors aim to substantiate approaches to staff training in the hospitality industry. It is assumed that the management of the processes of prospecting, recruiting and hiring personnel, is the key to a company's success in the market of such a promising area such as the hotel industry. We identified that the personnel system of the hotel business in the Russian Federation is still in formation and requires significant efforts to coordinate the quantitative and qualitative levels of training of new specialists with the needs of hotel companies. It is evidenced in this study that the detailed analysis of the characteristics of the operation and personnel of the hotel industry, which will allow to determine the paths of development of the industry and make the transition to a higher level of development. It is found, therefore, that the most important task in solving the existing problems, in Human Resource Management in the tourism sector currently in Russia, is the search for new approaches to recruitment based on a modern concept of recruitment from contemporary management in modern enterprises.</p> Elena Nikolskaya, Dmitriy Galkin, Natalia Kovaleva, Sergei Feoktistov, Elena Tretyak Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Perfecting Approaches to Personnel Recruitment in the Hospitality Industry <p>The purpose of the article is to develop a recommendation system for hospitality enterprises using non-traditional forms of recruitment. The dynamism of changes in the environment is found to necessitate the use of innovative approaches based on the real needs and opportunities of modern hospitality industry enterprises. It is confirmed that the effectiveness of personnel recruitment depends on the mastery of up-to-date methods. It is established that implementing the totality of the proposed modern human resource management technologies will contribute to increased personnel productivity and efficiency of hotel enterprises. The introduction and implementation of innovative technologies of personnel management are found to bring changes to other resource areas – in the nature of the hotel product, in the way relationships with the key customers are constructed, and in the economy of the hotel enterprise as a whole in a digitalized environment.</p> Elena Nikolskaya, Elena Zakharova, Natalia Avilova, Alla Konovalova, Olga Dmitrieva Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Wed, 30 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Methodological Approach to Assessment of Transport Infrastructure Development in Megapolitan Capital Cities: Case Study of Moscow <p>The objective of the study is to identify and analyze the connection between the trends of the social and economic development of Moscow and the factors of transport infrastructure (TIS) development. The main research methods are the index method and the economic and mathematical modeling. This method helped to specify the infrastructure factors that determine the spatial development of the city and rationalize management decisions aimed at optimizing the development of various types of transport, communications and types of transportation to ensure a sustainable social and economic development of the capital. The author's approach to calculating the quality of TIS index is presented, which allows, in contrast to similar methodologies, a deeper analysis of the way the environmental factor influences the spatial development of the territory. Using the index, the most general patterns in the development of Moscow's TIS for the period of 2000 to 2020 were identified. An algorithm for the development of the TIS of a megalopolis is proposed, which suggests the differentiation of management decisions to increase the level of the social and economic state of the territory. The practical value of the method consists in determining the impact of TIS development on the trends of investment and economic growth in the region. It has been ascertained that the development of TIS and the improvement of its quality are currently the main reserves of the economic growth of the regions.</p> Liliya Chaynikova, Natalia Sorokina, Olesya Davydova, Todor Khristov, Nadezhda Sedova Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Improving Digital Technologies in the Tourism Business <p>The article is devoted to present a theoretical discussion about the virtual reality tools on tourism sector, with focus on recent recent experiences. It has been established that the epidemiological and economic situation that has developed in the world at present indicates the need for the introduction of digital technologies in all spheres of life as well as the entertainment sector, which includes the tourism industry. It has been showed that it is not possible to meet the growing needs of consumers without the introduction of the latest technologies. The purpose of the development of digital technologies in the tourism sector is to create the necessary prerequisites for the development and improvement of the state of the tourist services market, its diversity due to new types of tourism, improving the financial condition, as well as sustainable growth in the level and quality of life of citizens in the current period and for the future.</p> Maksim Chardymskiy, Polina Rostovtseva, Tatiana Arkhipova, Irina Solomina, Vasiliy Zhuchkov Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Mon, 21 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Social Media Marketing (SMM) Impact on Hotel Business Development: Private Mini Hotel Experience <p>Today, social networks are becoming increasingly popular for the promotion of the hotel business. One of them is Instagram – a free service with which it is possible to save, edit, and publish photos, as well as distribute them on other social networks. The popularity of Instagram is growing every year. The purpose of the article is to evaluate the use of Instagram of the most mini-hotels in Moscow to promote their services in the hospitality market and determine the main problems of using Instagram to establish effective communication with customers. The article presents various approaches to the use of social media marketing (SMM) and discusses the features of the social network Instagram as one of SMM tools. Instagram accounts of mini-hotels in Moscow and the rating of mini-hotels in Moscow on Booking, Agoda websites were investigated in 2021, and the relationship between the content of Instagram accounts and the rating of mini-hotels in Moscow on the Booking and Agoda websites was analyzed. The results suggest that Instagram is a powerful SMM tool that allows effectively using and operating the versatile capabilities of a mini-hotel for successful organization and business, and the growing popularity of social networks contributes to the positioning of mini-hotel services through the Instagram network and becomes a reliable lever aimed at attracting the attention of potential customers.</p> Suzana Balova, Inga Orlova, Elena Konovalova, Margarita Repina, Igor Shichkin Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Thu, 06 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Nonlinear Influence of Working Capital Management on Profitability of Tourism Firms: Panel Data Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries <p>Having an optimal working capital level can balance firms’ costs and benefits and maximizes their profitability. This study examines the influence of working capital management (WCM) on profitability (ROA) in tourism sub-sectors in 74 countries between 2005 and 2017 in terms of the countries’ development levels. Findings from the fixed-effects panel data regression models indicate that there exists an inverted U-shaped association between WCM and ROA in the tourism industry around the world. However, when we consider the development levels of the countries, our empirical results show that an inverted U-shaped nonlinear association between WCM and ROA is more valid in tourism sub-industries in developing countries. Moreover, our empirical findings for tourism sub-industries in developed countries show the existence of a positive linear relationship between WCM and ROA for H&amp;M and F&amp;B firms, but a non-linear U-shaped association between WCM and ROA for L&amp;R firms. The findings from this paper offer important implications for managers working in the tourism industry in both developed and developing countries to improve the use of working capital.</p> Ersan Ersoy, Özcan Işık, Fatih Günay Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Birdwatching, Ornitological Tourism and Avitourism: Terminological Dispute and Review of World and Russian Practices <p>Nature-oriented types of tourism in the current conditions are particularly relevant. Today, destinations offering an ecotourism tourism product are in demand. Birdwatching, an integral part of ecotourism programs, is especially popular in the countries of North America and Western Europe. In Russia, activity associated with watching birds is gaining popularity. Birdwatching has several advantages due to almost any territory is inhabited by birds, and therefore it is possible to organize observations for them. However, there are many terminological blank spots and problems. That is why the article is aimed at substantiating and characterizing the modern forms of birdwatching and ornithological tourism and confirming them by studying practices of organizing observations of the avifauna. The article provides a review of scientific publications dedicated to birdwatching. Today there is an abundance of terms denoting the observation of birds in their natural environment: birding, birdwatching, twitching, ornithological tourism, avitourism. The study of cases and theoretical works makes it possible to characterize each of these concepts and distinguish between them. Today, there is a growing trend in the popularity of urban birding and avitourism, in which the natural habitat is the urbanized environment. Observations of the avifauna can also be organized in marginalized territories, and this makes it possible to consider them as places for ecotourism. The research result is important methodological conclusion about the relationship among the concepts of birdwatching, ornithological tourism and avitourism.</p> Oleg Afanasiev Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 04 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Health and Wellness Tourism Development on Global Markets in Pandemic <p>International crisis makes health and wellness tourism a powerful catalyst for the regional development in global economic competition. However, this was health and wellness tourism most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. The article identifies the main economic consequences of COVID-19 for the field health and wellness tourism and for industries that depend on it. The state support is especially needed for the industry. The medical tourism market is now in crisis. This is due to the epidemiological health threats, a decrease in entrepreneurial activity, sharp drop in demand for both medical and tourism services because of decrease in the income of the population and the inability to use the existing infrastructure. The way out of this situation is possible only with the adoption of competent management decisions that could combine both the state support and provision for the most affected sectors of the national economy, and our own initiatives related to the introduction of changes in the organization and management of relevant business processes.</p> Matvey Oborin Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 04 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Innovative Solutions in the Tourism and Hospitality Industry to Ensure Sustainable Development in a New Normality <p>The article examines topical issues of the functioning of the tourism and hospitality industry in the context of the new normalcy caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has led to a sharp decline in tourist flows and the need for innovative solutions to restore and further develop the tourism and hospitality industry. In the context of the new normality, the classical interpretation of the concept of the quality of tourist and hotel services and sustainable development of tourism is changing. When assessing the quality of services in tourism, the assessment of their epidemiological safety began to occupy a key place. The sustainable development of tourism is significantly influenced by global digitalization and the formation of a new category of digital tourists. The article analyzes innovative solutions to ensure travel safety and sustainable development of the tourism industry in the context of the new normalcy. It is shown that in the context of a pandemic, there was an acceleration of the processes of introducing innovations, including digitalization in the field of tourism. It is proposed to expand the understanding of sustainable tourism development by including digital information support as a prerequisite for meeting the requirements of digital tourists.</p> Mikhail Morozov, Natalia Morozova Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 04 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Specific Issues of Arctic Cruise Development in the Russian Arctic: the Russian Arctic National Park Case Study <p>The specific issues of the arctic cruise development are highlighted for the Russian Federation. The research is based on data obtained during the expedition (July-August 2021) in the Russian Arctic National Park, located within Franz Josef Land and Novaya Zemlya archipelagoes. The research was carried out in order to evaluate the prospects for the development of cruise tourism and identify the risks of implementing projects for the development of cruise tourism in the Russian Arctic National Park as more available for tourism territory than other Russian arctic islands. The national park is considered as a prospect site for arctic cruises operation according with the State interests to develop the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation as well. Results and conclusion evidence the potential of tourism as well as describe the specific factors hindering the development of tourism there. They are associated with the peculiarities of the climate, weather and natural phenomena, the vulnerability of landscapes to anthropogenic loads and administrative and legal barriers.</p> Victor Kruzhalin, Natalia Shabalina, Ekaterina Kashirina, Alexandra Nikanorova Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Wed, 05 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0000