Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos <p>Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) is an online open and free journal, publishing papers in the regime of continuous flux in a single issue per year (extraordinarily Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) can publish special issues), using the doble-blind peer review process.</p> <p>It receives original and unpublished works, which are not being reviewed in other publication media. Scientific research articles on tourism as well essays, case reports and reviews are accepted in Portuguese, English, Spanish or French from the standpoint of the social sciences (sociology, political science, anthropology, urban planning, public and social management, etc.).</p> <p>Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos (Brazilian Annals of Tourism Studies) is published by the Economic and Social Observatory of Tourism / ESOT in collaboration with the Knowledge Research Group on "Knwoldge, Organization and Tourism" - COGITO / CNPq, both attached to the Department of Tourism from Federal University of Juiz de Fora/UFJF .</p> <p><br />Template for Submission:</p> <p>Português: <a title="Template Português" href=""></a><br />English: <a title="Template English" href=""></a></p> <p><br />Guidelines for authors:</p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p><br />Criteria to the papers' assessment:</p> <p><a title=";ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true" href=";ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true">;ouid=115311571344919429985&amp;rtpof=true&amp;sd=true</a></p> en-US <p>This journal provides immediate open access to its content, following the principle that providing free scientific knowledge to the public provides greater democratization of world knowledge. &nbsp; &nbsp;</p> <p>Authors must agree to the following terms relating to copyrights:</p> <p>(a) Authors keep all copyright and grant the to the journal the right of first publication, with the work simultaneously licensed under the&nbsp;<em>Creative Commons Attribution License</em>&nbsp;that allowing job sharing with recognition of authorship of the work and initial publication in this journal.</p> <p>(b) Authors are allowed to assume additional contracts separately, for non-exclusive distribution of the version of the work published in this journal (e.g. publish in institutional repository or book chapter), with recognition of authorship and initial publication in this magazine.</p> <p>(c) Authors are allowed and are encouraged to publish and distribute their work online (e.g. in institutional repositories or on your personal page) since they do not do this before or during the editorial process, as this can generate productive interchange, as well as increase the impact and citation of work aired. (See Effect of Free Access).</p> (Thiago Duarte Pimentel) (Me. Eliza Feres Moura) Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Tourism in Urban Intervention Processes: the Case of Little Africa (RJ) <p>The article promotes an analysis of the ten years of implementation of the Porto Maravilha [Marvelous Port] project in the port area of the city of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Returning to previous projects, the article describes the territory in question from different models of urban intervention, presenting the space in question as a target of disputes. In this scenario, subterranean memories and narratives of resistance provide possibilities for reflection about the social function of tourism, since assets recognized as symbols of the African diaspora in the region, such as the archaeological site of Cais do Valongo, challenge silencing and tension social structures towards a new collective consciousness about heritage, ancestry and Brazilian identity.</p> Débora Anízio Rios, Maria Amália Silva Alves de Oliveira Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Thu, 21 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Piauí Regional Gastronomy: a Tool for Cultural <p>Gastronomy can be considered a key aspect of an intangible cultural asset and is included in the Livro de Registro dos Saberes (Knowledge Record Book) of the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute) in Brazil. Brazilian gastronomic traditions are considered as a large set of socio-cultural practices and in simple dishes, food and production habits from many generations are attributed. In this way, the aspects of identity inherent to social transitions between communities, generating the feeling of belonging among social groups, which until then saw these habits as a simple means of subsistence, are currently an attraction of great influence in the tourist, cultural and geographical field. Thus, this research aimed to recognize from the point of view of gastronomy the expertise of making cassava flour as an intangible cultural heritage of the state of Piauí, being a relevant activity for the subsistence of many communities such as the village of Canto Grande, in the municipality of Cajueiro da Praia, in the state of Piauí. The methodology adopted was based on bibliographic research in books and scientific articles, in addition to participatory observation, in the context of the production processes of the cassava flour in the village of Canto Grande, providing information about the diversified method of production and the materials and tools used by this community located in the northern part of Piauí.</p> Antônia Beatriz Ribeiro Araújo, Solano de Souza Braga, Marina Furtado Gonçalves Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 12 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Nonlinear Influence of Working Capital Management on Profitability of Tourism Firms: Panel Data Evidence from Developed and Developing Countries <p>Having an optimal working capital level can balance firms’ costs and benefits and maximizes their profitability. This study examines the influence of working capital management (WCM) on profitability (ROA) in tourism sub-sectors in 74 countries between 2005 and 2017 in terms of the countries’ development levels. Findings from the fixed-effects panel data regression models indicate that there exists an inverted U-shaped association between WCM and ROA in the tourism industry around the world. However, when we consider the development levels of the countries, our empirical results show that an inverted U-shaped nonlinear association between WCM and ROA is more valid in tourism sub-industries in developing countries. Moreover, our empirical findings for tourism sub-industries in developed countries show the existence of a positive linear relationship between WCM and ROA for H&amp;M and F&amp;B firms, but a non-linear U-shaped association between WCM and ROA for L&amp;R firms. The findings from this paper offer important implications for managers working in the tourism industry in both developed and developing countries to improve the use of working capital.</p> Ersan Ersoy, Özcan Işık, Fatih Günay Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Transformations of the Heritage Landscape Induced by Urban and Tourist Public Policies in Public Spaces in the City of São Luís (Maranhão) <p>This paper is dedicated to collaborate with a discussion pertinent to the investigative interests of geography science, because it brings to light an analysis of the transformation processes that the urban space goes through. In this sense, the city of São Luís (Maranhão, Brazil) was used as an analytical spatial cutout of the referred phenomenon, in a specific way, through the João Lisboa Square and the Largo do Carmo, environments located in the historical center of the capital of Maranhão that is recognized as world heritage city by UNESCO. Thus, these are places of utmost relevance to the local society, since they preserve a patrimonial landscape, dating from the colonial period of the city. Thus, we have as research objective: to analyze the landscape changes of these areas from tourism-related interventions. To succeed, we carried out bibliographic research, analysis of public policies, and field activities. As a result, it was found that although the places preserve their landscape configurations, due to their listing, their dynamics of use and occupation were modified by the insertion of tourism in the places.</p> Saulo Ribeiro dos Santos, Deborah Emilly Soares Ferreira, Matheus Andrade Marques Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Thu, 09 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Behavior Intention to Adopt IRCTC Application for Railway Ticket Reservation Service: a case study of Goan consumers (India) <p>Last decade witnessed an increase in usage of internet which led to increase in smartphone usage with various applications developed for making the life of people easy, resulting in dynamic change in the lifestyle of people. One such dynamic change taken place in India is in the area of transport, especially rail travel application started by Indian Railways, namely, Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) portal. Present paper tries to identify the reason why people consider the IRCTC application as the most reliable application. Model was proposed by adopting the factors from Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) along with an addition of perceived trust as an influencing factor. Data from 193 usable questionnaires was collected from Goa and were tested against the research model. Result indicated that habit, hedonic motivation, performance expectancy, and perceived trust were the main predictors of behavior intention to adopt and use IRCTC application. The proposed model was able to explain 65% variance on behavior intention. It was also found that income moderates the relationship between facilitating condition and behaviour intention. The study also provides valuable insight for the management to improve the IRCTC application in order to motivate customers to adopt and continuously use the services of this application.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> IRCTC Application; UTAUT2; Behaviour Intention; Technology Adoption; Indian Railways.</p> Jick Castanha, Mayuri Prabhu, Subhash Kizhakanveatil Bhaskaran Pillai, Indrawati, Thiago Duarte PIMENTEL Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Fri, 31 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 The Relationship Between the Fear of Contracting Coronavirus and the Holiday Purchase Intention of Employees Working in Public Institutions <p>The current study aims to determine the relationship between the fear of contracting the coronavirus, the uncertainty levels related to the coronavirus, the anxiety levels related to the coronavirus and the holiday purchase intention of the employees working in public institutions. To achieve this goal, 372 employees from Social Security Institution of Ankara were contacted, and data was collected using a survey technique. The model built within the scope of the research was tested using the partial least squares (PLS) approach. According to the findings of the research, public employees' fear of contracting the coronavirus is strongly impacted by both their uncertainty about the coronavirus and their anxiety level about the coronavirus, whereas their purchase intentions are only adversely affected negatively by their anxiety levels about the coronavirus.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong> Covid 19; Fear of Contracting Coronavirus; Holiday Purchase Intention.</p> Yunus Doğan, Lütfi Buyruk, Sevgi Balikçioğlu Dedeoğlu, Cevat Ercik Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Contributes to the Profile of the Brazilian Literary Tourist: Experience and Motivation <p>This exploratory and quantitative research aims to contribute data on individuals engaging in literary tourism regarding organisation and preparation practices, visited literary places, travel motivations and surprising aspects of the experience. To collect data, an online questionnaire survey was sent to the participants in a literary festival, enquiring about previous literary-inspired visits. The findings indicate that writers’ house museums are the most visited literary tourist attraction and that visitors in an upper-income bracket prepare their literary-inspired visits autonomously by conducting online research and (re)reading the literary texts. In contrast, those in a lower-income bracket often rely on viewing audio-visual adaptations of books. Concerning the motivation to go on literary touring, most respondents indicate the amplification of knowledge about the literary work and the author. In the experience of literary tourism, the analysis of the data reveals there is an emotional and intellectual interaction in which imagination and visualisation intervene to co-create the literary place. These findings are analysed after the concepts of experience, motivation and de-differentiation in tourism studies and the concept of “realisation” borrowed from the transactional theory of meaning formation.</p> Rita Baleiro, Margarida Viegas, Diomira Faria Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 14 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Intangible Heritage and Tourism: Contemporary Discussions Between Brazil and Mexico <p>The Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, in accordance with the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, adopted by UNESCO in 2003, includes the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge and techniques, together with the instruments, objects and cultural places that it they are associates, which communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as an integral part of their Cultural Heritage. One of the most visible vectors in the dissemination and protection of these cultural manifestations is tourism, which each year promotes new spaces to recognize their respective material heritage, but which, since the beginning of the century, has also directed its attention to expanding the practices. intangible heritage. In this text, we will make a brief comparison between the seventeen intangible heritage registered in the two most representative Latin American countries in terms of tourist visibility (Brazil and Mexico) and we will present how these countries have worked in the search for a broader understanding. of the bonuses and charges of the UNESCO seal, understanding the relationship between tourism and intangible heritage as a relevant soft power.</p> Rodrigo Christofoletti Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Fri, 07 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Phenomenon of Religious Tourism at the Sanctuary of Senhor Bom Jesus de Matosinhos in Congonhas (MG) <p>The Sanctuary of Senhor Bom Jesus de Matosinhos in Congonhas (MG) hosts an architectural and sculptural complex of undeniable artistic and cultural value, however, the site differs from other religious heritage sites in that while these sites usually attract a large public due to their historical and artistic value, the Sanctuary has a significant amount of religious tourism which makes it one of the largest pilgrimage sites in the country. Within this perspective, the study attempts to understand the factors that justify this phenomenon, performing an analysis of the Sanctuary, that takes into account its material and symbolic universe, as well as data on tourist visitation at the location. The research points out that the large influx of religious tourism is a result of the secular celebration of the Jubilee of the Bom Jesus de Matosinhos that takes place in the vicinity of the Sanctuary, however, it is concluded that the real element responsible for this phenomenon lies in the junction between the material and the intangible, in the field of practices and cultural exchanges that are provided by the festival, which in turn is conditioned to the materiality of the Sanctuary.</p> Nayara Souza Fernandes, Maria do Carmo Pires Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Reputation of the Natural Heritage: the Iguaçu National Park (Brazil) on the Tripadvisor Website <p>Brazilian and international studies about online reputation continue bringing contributions to the management of attractions, equipment and tourist destinations. This research, descriptive with systematic literature review, aims to assess the opinion of users of the TripAdvisor, through a specific methodology, with the objective to recognize the online reputation of the World Natural Heritage – Iguaçu National Park. A total of 957 posts were analyzed, they positively evaluated the attraction with a maximum score of 90%. The comments were classified by keywords and then classified into 3 (three) main categories: landscape; services in the conservation unit and activities. After that, each post was classified in different aspects that resulted in 3,422 comments, 90.18% positive and 9.82% negative. The positive highlight was given to the aspects: Scenic Beauty, Landscape Landmarks, Infrastructure/Accessibility, Activities and Attractions. Negative comments, even in smaller numbers, were emphasized, as they are more complex to manage. The fact that the Park is a World Natural Heritage Site was not evidenced by the users. With this data, the PNI managers have an additional tool to assist in the management of public use, improving the services and activities carried out.</p> Valéria de Meira Albach, Kemmely Guedes de Carvalho, Jasmine Cardozo Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Fri, 07 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Introduction <p>The recent virus outbreaks recently occurred in Wu-Han (China) not only has shown the vulnerability of the tourism industry but also stopped the world. Specialists and colleagues of all pundits have been debated hotly on the effects of COVID-19 on the tourism industry as well as the future of tourism research. For some voices, Coronavirus disease should be esteemed as a valid opportunity towards a more sustainable world (Gossling, Scott &amp; Hall, 2020; Higgins-Desbiolles, 2020; Prideaux, Thompson &amp; Pabel 2020) while for other it poses a serious challenge for the future of the industry (Korstanje 2020). Beyond this discrepancy, COVID19 has been widely and rapidly disseminated through the modern means of mobilities and transport which connected dispersed geographical areas in hours. Basically, and in weeks, the virus –originally spread in China- arrived in Europe and the US. In almost a month, the disease expanded to the rest of Latin America and Africa affecting all nations in the earth. The pandemic has unfortunately left 665.231 deaths infecting almost 17.040.985 (numbers updated in July). Although governments adopted different tactics and strategies, they consisted in several restrictions to global mobilities and tourism such as the cancelation of all incoming flights, national borders as well as the airspace, and the imposition of a lock-down which impeded internally the transit of persons. One of the most castigated countries were the US (152.945 victims) followed by Brazil (88.792 victims), the UK (45.961), Mexico (44.876), Italy (35.129) and Spain (28.441) only to name a few. What is more important, COVID-19 ushered the tourism industry in an unparalleled crisis which today needs from the inter-disciplinary research to find success post-pandemic strategies for a rapid recovery. Because of this, this thematic issue section brings together papers from professional researchers, scholars, and post-graduate students, as also policy-makers, that bring their advances with a strong focus on the effects and consequences of Coronavirus in tourism and hospitality.</p> Subhash Kizhakanveatil Bhaskaran Pillai, Sharad Kumar Kulshreshtha, Maximiliano E. Korstanje, Thiago Duarte Pimentel Copyright (c) 2021 Sun, 31 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Innovation in Services in the Tourist Sector: a Case Study in the Tents of “Praia do Futuro” (Fortaleza-Ceará-Brazil) <p>This research aims to identify the main innovations implemented in the stalls of Praia do Futuro in Fortaleza (CE). The search for innovation of companies from different economic sectors aims to remain competitive, as well as meet customer expectations and needs in a satisfactory manner. In the tourism sector, innovation aims to provide the customer with a pleasant experience, stimulating the return to the tourist destination. The Praia do Futuro stalls, tourist attraction of Fortaleza destination, must be prepared to implement innovations that make its customers loyal through the quality and diversity of its services. This way, exploratory and descriptive research was carried out, with the application of a questionnaire in 31 stalls of the 60 existing stalls in Praia do Futuro. The results show that providing customer satisfaction is the most important reason to innovate, because the satisfied customer can attract new customers by disclosing the good service and, consequently, influence the increase in the profit of the stalls.</p> Ana Cristina Sousa de Oliveira Saboia, Jean Max Tavares, André Riani Costa Perinotto Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Tue, 05 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Geopolitical Risks and International Tourist Arrivals to Turkey: a Causality Study <p>This study aimed to examine the causal connection between geopolitical risks and Turkey's international tourist arrivals. The causality was tested between risk indices and foreign visitor demand on monthly data. Turkey was selected because many geopolitical risks had occurred in the last two decades and has had a terror risk named PKK for many years. The geopolitical risk indices were created from news based on the issues. The causality was tested using Toda-Yamamoto and asymmetric causality was tested using the Hatemi-J method in the period of 1998-2019. Findings of the study showed that there is unidirectional causality between global risks and tourist arrivals to Turkey, and bi-directional causality between domestic risk and tourist arrivals. Hatemi-J test results support the findings that the causality from positive shocks of risks causes negative shocks of tourist arrivals and vice versa. Herewith, it can be said that tourism demand to Turkey, in the context of foreign visitors, was affected by global or domestic geopolitical risks. This may be a sign that Turkey has a tourism-led terrorism problem targeting Turkey's tourism and economy.</p> Engin Bayraktaroğlu, Samet Gürsoy, Fatih Günay, Yusuf Karakuş Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Tue, 26 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Adaptability and resilience to COVID-19: 8 cases of rural tourism in indigenous communities in central Mexico. <p>The rural space has undergone important processes of social adaptability since the incorporation of tourist activities as a complement to the economic income of rural families, associated with the “New Rurality” concept. In the case of rural tourism in central Mexico, the incipient development of a complementary activity can be observed, whose positive impact on the communities was just beginning to gain strength in the face of a highly urbanized society, which demands the multiple benefits of rural spaces. However, the outbreak of the pandemic caused by COVID-19, led to the abrupt closure of non-essential activities and the loss of jobs and additional income generated by tourism. Faced with this disruptive scenario, multiple social actors, who had turned towards the logic of multifunctionality of the rural space, have been forced to deploy various adaptive strategies to adjust to the "new normal", the aim of this manuscript is the analysis of these adaptation processes. It is concluded that the complex and heterogeneous nature of rural societies is an important reservoir of survival strategies that will become increasingly important in the face of an uncertain future, associated with the eminent crisis of the Anthropocene.</p> Irais González Domínguez, Humberto Thomé-Ortiz, Luis Felipe García Rodea Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Wed, 15 Jun 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Measurement of Residents' Perceptions on the Usage of Local Cuisine for Tourism <p>Although the role of local cuisines in tourism development is clearly recognized, the number of studies measuring local people's approaches to the presentation of local cuisines to tourists is limited. The aim of this study is to develop a scale identifying the perspectives of the indigenous dwellers living in tourism regions for the use of local cuisine as tourism products. The study focuses on the perceptions of the indigenous dwellers on the development of tourism in the region and use of local elements for tourism purposes. In this manner, data were collected from local authorities and people living in Mudurnu/Bolu/Turkey by using semi-structured interviews and questionnaire technique. The scale validity was tested by subjecting data to statistical analysis. The findings have proved that the scale, which was formed by 24 of 25 obtained statements as a result of literature review and semi-structured interviews, makes a valid measurement of the use of local food for tourism purposes. The view of the indigenous dwellers emerges within the scope of culture, economy, promotion, protection, employment and degeneration of cuisine culture. It is of great importance for the sustainability of gastronomic tourism to identify the view of the indigenous dwellers to the use of local food in tourism destinations. This study has contributed to the literature about measuring indigenous dwellers’ view on presentation of local cuisine.</p> Serkan Şengül, Oğuz Türkay, Özer Yılmaz Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos Wed, 13 Jul 2022 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of Proactive Personality and Locus of Control on Innovative Work Behavior: the Mediating Role of Work Engagement <p align="left">The aim of the study is to test the mediating role of work engagement on the effects of proactive personality and locus of control characteristics on innovative work behaviors of the employees. A field study was conducted, and the research data were collected using the questionnaire technique for an empirical analysis of the structural equation modeling created for this purpose. The research population has consisted of employees working in food and beverage departments of hotel businesses, where complex and complicated activities are carried out, therefore a high amount of qualified workforce is needed. According to the results obtained in the results of the survey applied to the employees who provide services in the food and beverage department of the hotels located in Antalya province, which is one of the most important tourist destinations in Turkey. Employees' proactive personality characteristics and their level of commitment positively affect their tendency to show innovative entrepreneurial behavior; proactive personality and internal locus of control had a positive and significant effect on work engagement; however, the mediating effect of external locus of control on innovative entrepreneurial behavior was not detected as significant.</p> Mehmet Tekeli, Aziz Gökhan Özkoç Copyright (c) 2022 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Country of Origin, Covid-19 Vaccine and the Future of Travel: a Preliminary Study in Iran <p>Country-of-origin is one of the most crucial aspects of a brand's success. Country-of-origin has a significant impact on how brands are perceived, especially in terms of the promise of quality they deliver. While different countries have announced vaccines, there has been a global hesitation to buy into those claims. Successful adoption of a successful vaccine is critical to re-launching global travel and the leisure economy. In this article, we discuss the importance of country of origin in products getting the trust needed for them to succeed – particularly a vaccine for Covid-19. A preliminary survey was conducted among 662 Iranian social media users, directly on LinkedIn and also via a Google survey instrument. Germany merged to be the iconic symbol of quality and transparency and respondents felt confident that they would not hesitate to be subjected to a German made vaccine. Germany is globally perceived as a quality leader in high technologies and medicine and Iranians concurred with this belief.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Keywords:</strong> Country of origin; Branding; Vaccine; Covid-19; Tourism; Iran.</p> Sara Mirzaee, Reyhaneh Jalalinejad, Babu George Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Mon, 08 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Tourism in Ouro Preto – MG <p>The year 2020 markedly became a period of major changes in human history. The pandemic caused by the new coronavirus, COVID-19, created an unprecedented economic crisis, ocausing a temporary halt in several activities worldwide and a movement to reflect on new ways of creating more responsible and innovative tourism. In view of this scenario, the present work seeks to analyze the impacts, especially economic ones, arising from the pandemic of the new coronavirus on tourism in the municipality of Ouro Preto (MG). We opted for the appreciation of the lodging facilities segment due to its occupancy rate which reflects the flow of tourists in the locality. In order to achieve the proposed objective, interviews with semi-structured scripts, questionnaires, and the Tax Comparison of Service of Any Nature - TCSAN of the years 2018, 2019, and 2020 were collected from companies that performed the activity of hosting in the locality. Through this, it was possible to observe some reflexes of this impact, such as the lack of management for periods of crisis and the resumption without planning, resulting in an increase in the number of deaths and contaminated people.</p> Elielton dos Santos Oliveira, Gabriela Maria de Lana Pinto, Carolina Lescura, Marcos Eduardo Carvalho Gonçalves Knupp Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Spill Over of Novel Covid-19 Pandemic on Punjab Tourism <p>The paper purposes to describe the spread of Covid-19 in Punjab, pre Covid-19 period, its effects on Punjab Tourism, and also put forwards a set of recovery measures for tourism sector. The data used is secondary in nature, collected from news broadcasted by several media outlets, various journals, newspapers, articles and official website of Punjab Tourism, Ministry of Tourism, WHO.&nbsp; The study investigated that the outbreak of the global pandemic Covid-19 (Corona Virus Disease -2019) pandemic is an unprecedented shock to the state’s tourism industry. The Punjab Tourism was in a prospering state before Covid-19 struck. With the prolonged country-wide lockdown, global economic downturn and associated disruption of movement of tourists, the Punjab tourism industry is facing an extended period of decline.&nbsp; The study indicates the effects of Covid-19 in Punjab Tourism and also extends the preventive measures to tackle the pandemic. Although, the length of the impact will depend upon the duration and gravity of the health crisis, the duration of the lockdown and the manner in which the situation unfolds once the lockdown is lifted yet the situation can be tackled by adopting the suggestive recovery measures.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><strong>Key words:</strong> COVID-19 Pandemic; Punjab Tourism; Tourists Arrival; Spill Over; Recovery Measures.</p> Ramanpreet Kaur, Manju Mittal Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Tue, 16 Feb 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of the Effects of Covid-19 on Travel and Tourism Product Purchase Decisions <p>This study aims to determine the differences between behaviors of potential tourists by examining how the crisis perception of COVID-19 impacts tourism demand and what kind of attitudinal dimensions potential tourists bring to the fore in their travel requests. Data were collected from 685 local tourists living in Turkey. Explanatory Factor Analysis was performed, followed by a t-test and one-way ANOVA, to determine the differences between demographic features. In the face of the pandemic, the potential tourist will tend to isolate, avoid, and turn to alternative forms of tourism. In addition, the approach to traditional travel and accommodation activities is changing and has been altogether thrown into question. The differentiation of tourism preferences according to the demographic characteristics of participants reveals that the effects of the pandemic differ depending on personal characteristics. The effect of external environmental conditions on consumer behavior and demand in tourism is a topic studied in the literature. There are also studies on the impact of regional epidemics on tourism, such as SARS, Ebola, among others. However, empirical studies on the impact of a global pandemic such as the Covid-19 on consumer behavior and demand in tourism are limited. This study which determine the effect of Covid-19 on tourism demand and consumer behavior, will contribute to the literature. The results of this study can be a guide for tourism businesses in other countries. It can be a source for academically similar studies in terms of method and application.</p> Şevki Ulema, Serkan Şengül, Oğuz Türkay, Mehmet Sarıışık Copyright (c) 2021 Anais Brasileiros de Estudos Turísticos - ABET Sat, 09 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000