v. 2 n. 2 (2018): Homa Publica - Revista Internacional de Direitos Humanos e Empresas
Artigos regulares

Operações do Banco Mundial em Estados afetados por conflitos e os Princípios Ruggie: uma oportunidade para a prestação de contas

Ivan Leonardo Martinez
Universidad Nacional de Colombia | Bogotá, Colômbia
Biografia
Publicado July 31, 2018
Palavras-chave
  • Políticas Operacionais do Banco Mundial,
  • Direitos Humanos e Empresas,
  • Mecanismos de denúncia,
  • Acesso a Remédios,
  • Órgãos de Compliance,
  • Remédios Judiciais e Não Judiciais
  • ...Mais
    Menos
Como Citar
MARTINEZ, I. L. Operações do Banco Mundial em Estados afetados por conflitos e os Princípios Ruggie: uma oportunidade para a prestação de contas. Homa Publica - Revista Internacional de Direitos Humanos e Empresas, v. 2, n. 2, p. e:030, 31 jul. 2018.

Resumo

Apesar dos esforços que tanto os Estados como as Instituições Internacionais têm realizado para prevenir os abusos dos Direitos Humanos relacionados com as atividades de desenvolvimento, os resultados obtidos não têm correspondido completamente às expectativas. De fato, em alguns casos, eles contribuíram para enfraquecer o delicado equilíbrio nas áreas afetadas pelo conflito, aumentando a pobreza e a marginalização. De fato, as atividades do Banco Mundial em Estados frágeis e em situação de conflito enfrentam diversos desafios em relação à implementação das UNGP e sua análise é crucial para a melhoria dos riscos sociais ligados às operações dos Bancos em áreas afetadas por conflitos. Neste sentido, o presente documento analisa o sistema criado pelo BM para evitar violações dos Direitos Humanos e como pode ser influenciado pelos UNGPs. O autor dividiu o sistema do BMG em dois elementos estruturais: Políticas operacionais e a análise da Avaliação de Risco do Banco. Ao mesmo tempo, o documento enfrenta a questão da imunidade em relação às violações dos direitos humanos.

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