Cooperativismo e Turismo: a pobreza como eixo discursivo da agenda neoliberal

  • Maximiliano Korstanje University of Palermo, Argentina
Palavras-chave: Pobreza; Desenvolvimento; Dependência; Cooperativismo; Turismo Sustentável.

Resumo

A teoria do desenvolvimento sem dúvida abriu uma brecha entre os intelectuais, o que se baseia em seus efeitos. Parte da biblioteca ou literatura especializada chama atenção para a dependência de estados pobres em relação às agências internacionais de financiamento tais como o FMI ou o Banco Mundial, enquanto outros destacam os benefícios de desenvolvimento que, associado ao turismo, tirou certas economias emergentes da estagnação econômica. Este artigo explora teoricamente parte das limitações e vantagens da teoria do desenvolvimento aplicada ao turismo e a hospitalidade; e o faz através de uma de suas formas mais concretas, o cooperativismo. Ele resgata o papel da ética como princípio que vai além da lógica instrumental do mercado, fortalecendo a resiliência comunitária a longo prazo. Paradoxalmente, como enfatizaram Comaroff e Comaroff, o cooperativismo ameaça (sob certas circunstâncias) a governabilidade dos Estados-nação, criando o clima para conflitos sociais e políticos. Nos últimos anos, alguns especialistas têm chamado a atenção para as limitações da comoditização da pobreza, eixo central para o cooperativismo.

Palavras-chave: Pobreza; Desenvolvimento; Dependência; Cooperativismo; Turismo Sustentável.

Biografia do Autor

Maximiliano Korstanje, University of Palermo, Argentina

Ph D. in Sociology, University of Palermo, Buenos Aires, - Argentina, Department of Economics, University of Palermo, Argentina. Leading global cultural theorist specializing in terrorism, mobilities and tourism. Dr Korstanje serves as Senior Researcher at the University of Palermo, Buenos Aires, Argentina and Editor in Chief of the International Journal of Safety and Security in Tourism and Hospitality. In 2015 he was Visiting Professor at the Centre for Ethnicity and Racism Studies (CERS) at the University of Leeds, United Kingdom; TIDES at the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain in 2017, and the University of La Habana, Cuba in 2018. In 2016, he was included as Scientific Editor for Studies and Perspective in Tourism (CIET) and as an Honorary Member of the Scientific Council of Research and Investigation hosted by UDET (University of Tourist Specialities, Quito Ecuador). ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5149-1669 . [ mkorst@palermo.edu ]

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Publicado
2020-12-26
Como Citar
Korstanje, M. (2020). Cooperativismo e Turismo: a pobreza como eixo discursivo da agenda neoliberal. Revista Latino-Americana De Turismologia, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.34019/2448-198X.2020.v6.33113