“Então não verias o divino Agamêmnon com preguiça” (Il. 4. 223): um caso de apóstrofe na Ilíada?

“Then you would not have seen godlike Agamemnon slumbering” (Il. 4. 223): an apostrophe case in the Iliad?

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34019/2318-3446.2020.v8.28285

Palavras-chave:

apóstrofe, narrador, Ilíada, narratário

Resumo

Este artigo, partindo de uma argumentação narratológica, discute as alocuções dirigidas ao narratário primário na Ilíada buscando determinar se elas podem ser consideradas apóstrofes, ou seja, se são poeticamente homólogas às apóstrofes a personagens. Seu objetivo secundário é explorar se e como essas alocuções, levando-se em conta seu contexto, sugerem ao narratário outros caminhos para a narrativa se desenvolver.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Christian Werner, Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas - USP

Bolsista do CNPq - Brasil (304241/2017-2).

Referências

ALLAN, Rutger J. Narrative Immersion: some linguistic and narratological aspects. In: GRETHLEIN, Jonas; HUITINK, Luuk; TAGLIABUE, Aldo (ed.). Experience, Narrative, and Criticism in Ancient Greece: Under the Spell of Stories. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020. p. 15-35.

ASSUNÇÃO, T. R. Diomède le prudent: contingence et action héroïque dans l’Iliade. Tese de doutorado. Paris: EHESS, 2000.

BAKKER, Egbert J. Pointing at the Past: From Formula to Performance in Homeric Poetics. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies, 2005. Disponível em: <https://chs.harvard.edu/CHS/article/display/5165.egbert-j-bakker-pointing-at-the-past-from-formula-to-performance-in-homeric-poetics> Acesso em: 01 jun. 2020.

BAKKER, Egbert J. The Meaning of Meat and the Structure of the Odyssey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

BLOCK, Elizabeth. The Narrator Speaks: Apostrophe in Homer and Vergil. Transactions of the American Philological Association (1974), v. 112, p.7-22, 1982. JSTOR. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/284067. Disponível em: <https://www.jstor.org/stable/284067>. Acesso em: 16 jul. 2019.

BRÜGGER, Claude. Homer’s Iliad The Basel Commentary: Book XVI. Tradução de Benjamin W. Millis e Sara Strack. Boston/Berlin: de Gruyter, 2018.

CANAZART, Gabriela; WERNER, Christian. A ação narrativa de focalizar: o uso de adjetivos avaliadores e o narrador da Ilíada. Codex - Revista de Estudos Clássicos, v. 6, n. 2, p. 17-39, 21 dez. 2018. Codex - Revista de Estudos Clássicos. http://dx.doi.org/10.25187/codex.v6i2.19284.

CARACCIOLO, Marco. Blind Reading: Toward an Enactivist Theory of the Reader’s Imagination. In: BERNAERTS, Lars; DE GEEST, Dirk; HERMAN, Luc; VERVAECK, Bart (Eds.). Stories and Minds: Cognitive Approaches to Literary Narrative. Lincoln/London: University of Nebraska Press, 2013, p. 81–106.

COFFEY, Michael. The Function of the Homeric Simile. The American Journal of Philology, v. 78, n. 2, p. 113-132, 1957. Disponível em: https://www.jstor.org/stable/291822. Acesso em: 10 jun. 2020.

ČOLAKOVIĆ, Zlatan. Avdo Međedović’s Post-Traditional Epics and Their Relevance to Homeric Studies. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, v. 139, p. 1-48, 4 out. 2019. Cambridge University Press (CUP). http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0075426919000016.

CORAY, Marina; KRIETER-SPIRO, Martha; VISSER, Edzard. Homer Ilias: Gesamtkommentar. Band XIII: Vierter Gesang. Faszikel 2: Kommentar. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 2017.

DE JONG, I. J. F. Narrators and Focalizers: The Presentation of the Story in the Iliad. 2. ed. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2004 [1987].

DE JONG, I. J. F. Metalepsis in Ancient Greek Literature. In: GRETHLEIN, Jonas; RENGAKOS, Antonios (Ed.). Narratology and Interpretation: The Content of Narrative Form in Ancient Literature. Berlin - New York: de Gruyter, 2009. p. 87-115.

DUBEL, Sandrine. Changements de voix: sur l’apostrophe au personnage dans l’Iliade. In: RAYMOND, Emmanuelle. Vox poetae: manifestations auctoriales dans l’épopée gréco-latine. Paris: Ceror, 2011. p. 1-19. Disponível em: <https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/cd31/fad222e43af9cef94427257ce5ef34d826cc.pdf?_ga=2.211307861.1529592969.1590867059-1836759040.1590755157>. Acesso em: 30 maio 2020.

EDWARDS, Mark W. The Iliad: A commentary. Volume V, books 17-20. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

FENIK, Bernard. Typical Battle Scenes in the Iliad: Studies in the Narrative Techniques of Homeric Battle Description. Wiesbaden: Franz Steiner Verlag GMBH, 1968.

GIULIANI, Luca. Image and Myth: A History of Pictorial Narration in Greek Art. Tradução de Joseph O’Donnell. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

GRAZIOSI, Barbara; HAUBOLD, Johannes. Homer: Iliad Book VI. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.

GRETHLEIN, Jonas; HUITINK, Luuk. Homer’s Vividness: An Enactive Approach. The Journal of Hellenic Studies, v. 137, p.67-91, 2017. Cambridge University Press (CUP). http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0075426917000064.

GRIFFIN, Jasper. Homer on Life and Death. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980.

HENRY, R. M. The Use and Origin of Apostrophe in Homer. The Classical Review, v. 19, n. 1, p. 7-9, fev. 1905. Disponível em: <https://www.jstor.org/stable/695926>. Acesso em: 19 jul. 2019.

HOMERO. Ilíada. Tradução de Christian Werner. São Paulo: Ubu Editora, 2018.

JANKO, Richard. The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume IV, books 13-16. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

KIRK, G. S. The Iliad: A Commentary. Volume II, books 5-8. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

LIVELEY, Genevieve. Narratology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

LONEY, Alexander C. The Ethics of Revenge and the Meanings of the Odyssey. United States of America: Oxford University Press, 2019.

LONGINO, Dionísio. Do Sublime. Tradução de Marta Isabel de Oliveira Várzeas. Coimbra/São Paulo: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra/Annablume, 2015.

MONRO, David B.; ALLEN, Thomas W. (Ed.). Homeri Opera in five volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1902.

NESSELRATH, Heinz-Günther. Ungeschehenes Geschehen. Stuttgart: Teubner, 1992.

NESSELRATH, Heinz-Günther. 'Almost-episodes' in Greek and Roman epic. In: REITZ Christiane; FINKMANN, Simone (ed.). Structures of Epic Poetry: vol. I: Foundations. vol. II.1/II.2: Configuration. vol. III: Continuity. Berlim/Boston: de Gruyter, 2019. p. 565-608.

NÜNLIST, René. The ancient critic at work: terms and concepts of literary criticism in Greek Scholia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

NÜNLIST, René; DE JONG, Irene. Homeric Poetics in Keywords. In: BIERL, Anton; LATACZ, Joachim (Ed.). Homer’s Iliad: The Basel Commentary: Prolegomena. Berlin/Boston: de Gruyter, 2015. p. 164-176.

OLIVEIRA, Gustavo J. D. Os poemas homéricos e o conceito de tradição. Heródoto, v. 2, n. 1, p. 49-78, 2017. Disponível em <https://periodicos.unifesp.br/index.php/herodoto/article/view/1012> Acesso em: 31 ago. 2019.

RICHARDSON, Scott. The Homeric Narrator. Nashville, Tennessee: Vanderbilt University Press, 1990.

SCODEL, R. Listening to Homer: tradition, narrative, and audience. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002.

VAN THIEL, Helmut. Homeri Ilias. Hildesheim: Olms, 2010.

SCULLY, Stephen P. Studies of Narrative and Speech in the Iliad. Arethusa, v. 19,

n. 2, p. 135-153, set. 1986. Disponível em: <https://www.jstor.org/stable/44578378>. Acesso em: 05 jul. 2019.

WERNER, Christian. Memórias da Guerra de Tróia: a performance do passado épico na Odisseia de Homero. Coimbra/São Paulo: Imprensa da Universidade de Coimbra/Annablume, 2018a.

_________. Uma poética da (i)mortalidade. In: HOMERO. Ilíada. Tradução de Christian Werner. São Paulo: Ubu Editora, 2018b.

WEST, Martin L. Homerus Ilias. 2 vol. Leipzig: Saur, 1998-2000.

WHITMARSH, Tim. Radical Cognition: Metalepsis in Classical Greek Drama. Greece and Rome, v. 60, n. 1, p.4-16, 12 mar. 2013. Cambridge University Press (CUP). http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s001738351200023x.

WILLMOTT, Jo. The moods of Homeric Greek. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Downloads

Publicado

2020-12-18