Social distance toward people with substance dependence: a survey among health professionals

  • Pollyanna Santos da Silveira Universidade Católica de Petrópolis (Petrópolis), Brasil; Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Juiz de Fora), Brasil.
  • Rhaisa Gontijo Soares Faculdade Pitágoras (Divinópolis), Brasil.
  • Henrique Pinto Gomide Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Juiz de Fora), Brasil.
  • Gabriela Correa Lubambo Ferreira Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Juiz de Fora), Brasil.
  • Ana Luísa Marlière Casela Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Juiz de Fora), Brasil.
  • Leonardo Fernandes Martins Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Juiz de Fora), Brasil.
  • Telmo Mota Ronzani Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (Juiz de Fora), Brasil.

Resumo

The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated with social distance toward people with substance dependence among health professionals. A hundred and eighty-three health professionals from Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brasil, were interviewed using structured questionnaires with vignettes. The vignettes assessed emotional reactions generated by alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine dependents. Belief in recovery and perception of dangerousness were significantly associated with social distance toward people with cocaine and marijuana dependence. Only belief in recovery was significant with alcohol dependence. This study provides preliminary data on factors related to the desire for social distance among health professionals, improving the understanding of stigmatization, and the development of research and training in the area.

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Publicado
2016-10-25
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