Estratégias de enfrentamentos e sobrecarga dos familiares cuidadores de pacientes psiquiátricos: revisão de literatura

  • Daniela Cristina Souza Santos Faculdade de Administração de Mariana (Mariana), Brasil
  • Marina Bandeira Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei (São João Del Rei), Brasil

Resumo

A desinstitucionalização psiquiátrica resultou em maior responsabilidade dos familiares no cuidado informal dos pacientes, o que pode resultar em elevada sobrecarga para estes cuidadores. Essa sobrecarga pode ser diminuída com o uso de estratégias eficazes de enfrentamento, segundo o modelo teórico da sobrecarga. Foi realizada uma busca sistemática nos indexadores SciELO, LILACS, Pubmed, Web of Science e PsycINFO, sendo encontrados 36 estudos internacionais que avaliaram a relação entre coping e sobrecarga dos familiares cuidadores. Os resultados indicaram que os familiares utilizam uma diversidade de estratégias de enfrentamento, mas, em geral, elas não estão associadas a um menor grau de sobrecarga. As estratégias de evitação e de resignação estão claramente associadas a um maior grau de sobrecarga, devendo, portanto, ser evitadas.

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Publicado
2016-10-04
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