Estratégias utilizadas no tratamento de famílias com usuários de substâncias

  • Eroy Aparecida da Silva Universidade Federal de São Paulo (São Paulo), Brasil.
  • Thiago Pavin Rodrigues Universidade Federal de São Paulo (São Paulo), Brasil.
  • Denise de Micheli Universidade Federal de São Paulo (São Paulo), Brasil.
  • André Luiz Monezi Andrade Universidade Federal de São Paulo (São Paulo), Brasil. Universidade Anhembi Morumbi – Laureate International Universities® (São Paulo), Brasil.

Resumo

Este estudo teve por objetivo descrever as estratégias cognitivo-comportamentais mais utilizadas por pacientes usuários de substâncias (n=52) e seus familiares (n=75) para lidar com as situações de risco durante o tratamento. A intervenção baseou-se na psicoterapia cognitivo-comportamental, e foram analisadas estratégias de fuga e enfrentamento. A análise de conteúdo destacou o suporte familiar para auxiliar o paciente no redirecionamento de novos hábitos envolvidos com o uso de drogas. A inclusão de estratégias direcionadas aos familiares dos dependentes foi importante para o treino de habilidades de mudança de comportamentos desadaptativos envolvidos no consumo de substâncias. Esses achados também ajudam na elaboração de futuras intervenções destinadas aos dependentes de drogas e seus familiares como forma de aumentar a efetividade da intervenção.

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Publicado
2016-10-25
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