Fatores associados ao atraso no diagnóstico e tratamento do câncer bucal: revisão integrativa de literatura

Autores

  • Regina Mara Antunes dos Santos Departamento de Diagnóstico Oral, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Governador Valadares, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3334-8030
  • Rose Mara Ortega Departamento de Diagnóstico Oral, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Governador Valadares, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1391-7857
  • Francielle Silvestre Verner Departamento de Diagnóstico Oral, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Governador Valadares, Brasil.
  • Denis Talis Reis Departamento de Diagnóstico Oral, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Governador Valadares, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5332-221X
  • Larissa Stefhanne Damasceno de Amorim Póvoa UFJF https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1221-1326
  • Sibele Nascimento de Aquino Departamento de Diagnóstico Oral, Faculdade de Odontologia, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Governador Valadares, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3843-3517

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34019/1982-8047.2023.v49.39514

Palavras-chave:

Neoplasias Bucais, Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço, Diagnóstico Tardio

Resumo

Introdução: O câncer bucal é apontado como um problema de saúde relevante e apresenta alta taxa de incidência e mortalidade. O consumo de tabaco e álcool são considerados os principais fatores de risco para sua ocorrência. Apesar dos avanços relacionados a detecção, diagnóstico e tratamento, grande parte dos pacientes ainda é diagnosticada com a doença em estágio avançado. Objetivo: Estabelecer os principais fatores associados ao atraso no diagnóstico do câncer bucal. Material e Métodos: Foram pesquisados artigos nas bases de dados MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO e Lilacs, com os descritores: delayed oral cancer; delayed diagnosis oral cancer; oral cancer young patients; e HPV oral cancer patients. Como critérios de inclusão, foram delimitados artigos completos e disponíveis integramente. Publicações não relacionadas a delimitação do tema e ao objetivo do estudo foram excluídas. Resultados: Foram encontrados 513 artigos, dos quais 118 foram lidos na íntegra e 96 por fim selecionados, conforme critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Os dados indicaram que o atraso no diagnóstico do câncer bucal é frequente e relacionado ao atraso pelo paciente, atraso pelo profissional de saúde e atraso no tratamento, com destaque ao atraso pelo paciente. Conclusão: O diagnóstico precoce é o meio mais eficaz de reduzir as taxas de mortalidade e melhorar o prognóstico e qualidade de vida de pacientes com câncer bucal. Dessa forma, estratégias que objetivam a redução de diagnósticos realizados tardiamente devem ser consideradas.

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2024-01-04

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Antunes dos Santos RM, Mara Ortega R, Silvestre Verner F, Talis Reis D, Póvoa LSD de A, Nascimento de Aquino S. Fatores associados ao atraso no diagnóstico e tratamento do câncer bucal: revisão integrativa de literatura. HU Rev [Internet]. 4º de janeiro de 2024 [citado 13º de abril de 2024];49:1-11. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/hurevista/article/view/39514

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