Prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em profissionais da saúde no contexto da COVID-19: uma revisão sistemática

Autores

  • Beatriz dos Santos Pereira Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Três Rios (SUPREMA-TR) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2394-930X
  • Anna Karoline da Rocha Pizano Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Três Rios (SUPREMA-TR)
  • Márcia Emília Moreira De Luca Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Três Rios (SUPREMA-TR)
  • Natália Maria da Silva Fernandes Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF)
  • Laila Fieto Ribeiro Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Três Rios (SUPREMA-TR) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9806-8809

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.34019/1982-8047.2022.v48.37074

Palavras-chave:

Burnout, Profissional de Saúde, COVID-19, Sars-CoV2

Resumo

Introdução: A pandemia de Covid-19 trouxe desafios adicionais ao trabalho na saúde, impactando negativamente na saúde mental dos profissionais da saúde com destaque para a presença da síndrome de burnout (SB). Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência da SB nos profissionais da saúde no período da pandemia de Covid-19. Metodologia: O estudo utilizou como metodologia uma revisão sistemática da literatura realizada na base de dados PubMed e na SciELO entre dezembro de 2021 e janeiro de 2022. Resultados e Discussão: Foram encontrados 89 artigos que abordavam SB e Covid-19, 87 desses com desenho transversal. As amostras variaram de 25 a 12.596 pessoas, em sua maioria era composta de equipe multiprofissional. Houve predominância de pesquisa naqueles países onde a pandemia adquiriu sua maior proporção, como na China, Itália, Espanha e Estados Unidos. A escala Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) foi aplicada em 54% das pesquisas. A prevalência de SB variou de 12% a 86,1% na maioria dos estudos, chegando ao extremo de 100% em um dos trabalhos. Dentre os fatores associados a SB, destacam-se ser mulher, jovem, com pouco tempo de experiência de trabalho, estar na linha de frente de combate a COVID-19, longas horas de trabalho, superlotação hospitalar, falta de equipamentos de proteção individual (EPI), postura hostil da chefia, dentre outros. Conclusão: A pandemia de COVID-19 favoreceu o aumento da prevalência de SB em profissionais de saúde e estratégias específicas de cuidados a saúde mental dessa população devem ser realizadas urgentemente.

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2022-09-15

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Pereira B dos S, da Rocha Pizano AK, Emília Moreira De Luca M, Maria da Silva Fernandes N, Fieto Ribeiro L. Prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout em profissionais da saúde no contexto da COVID-19: uma revisão sistemática. hu rev [Internet]. 15º de setembro de 2022 [citado 26º de setembro de 2022];48:1-15. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufjf.br/index.php/hurevista/article/view/37074

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Artigos de Revisão Sistemática