Obesidade, Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 e fragilidade óssea: uma revisão narrativa

  • Tais Peron Souza Gomes Hospital de Ensino Alcides Carneiro - Petrópolis / RJ https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8372-4976
  • Flavia Lopes de Macedo Veloso Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (UFJF) - Juiz de Fora / MG
  • Jurandir Antunes Filho Hospital Monte Sinai - Juiz de Fora / MG
  • Fabio Cruz Mourão Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (HU-UFJF) - Juiz de Fora / MG
  • Nascif Habib Tanus Nascif Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (HU-UFJF) - Juiz de Fora / MG
  • Elmano De Araújo Loures Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (HU-UFJF) - Juiz de Fora / MG
  • Pedro José Labronici Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) - Niterói / RJ
  • Adriano Fernando Mendes Júnior Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (HU-UFJF) - Juiz de Fora / MG
Palavras-chave: Obesidade, Osteoporose, Fraturas Ósseas, Diabetes Mellitus

Resumo

Durante anos a obesidade foi vista como um fator protetor para fraturas e osteoporose. Diversos estudos, no entanto, contestam esta tese, descrevendo que a obesidade na verdade afeta negativamente o sistema esquelético, em especial a homeostase óssea, diminuindo a rigidez do tecido ósseo e aumentando o risco de fraturas. A obesidade e o diabetes estão frequentemente associados no mesmo paciente, e a compreensão da alteração do tecido ósseo nestas duas condições clínicas é fundamental para o melhor cuidado destes pacientes, principalmente devido ao risco aumentado de fraturas, que estão associadas a maior número de complicações no seu tratamento. O presente estudo, em revisão narrativa, descreve a relação entre obesidade e homeostase óssea, a fragilidade óssea nos pacientes obesos, diabéticos ou não, e a relação entre obesidade e fraturas.

Biografia do Autor

Tais Peron Souza Gomes, Hospital de Ensino Alcides Carneiro - Petrópolis / RJ
Médica formada pela Faculdade de Ciências Médicas e da Saúde de Juiz de Fora, Suprema, em 2016, Residente de Clínica Médica no Hospital de Ensino Alcides Carneiro - Petrópolis / RJ, com previsão de término em Fevereiro de 2020.

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Publicado
2019-04-04
Como Citar
Souza Gomes, T. P., Veloso, F. L. de M., Antunes Filho, J., Mourão, F. C., Nascif, N. H. T., Loures, E. D. A., Labronici, P. J., & Mendes Júnior, A. F. (2019). Obesidade, Diabetes Mellitus tipo 2 e fragilidade óssea: uma revisão narrativa. HU Revista, 44(2), 241 - 249. https://doi.org/10.34019/1982-8047.2018.v44.14058
Seção
Artigos de Revisão da Literatura