Where anthropology and spirituality meet: eros, libido and force-of-life – concepts of African traditional world view and their re-emergence in the focus of debates on personhood and sexuality in modernity

  • Ullrich Relebogilwe Kleinhempel
Palavras-chave: Filosofia africana, Força de vida, Sexualidade, Significado espiritual da sexualidade, Gênero na cultura africana

Resumo

Ensaio baseado na minha apresentação na 7ª Conferência Bienal da AASR na África: Religião, Sexualidade e Identidade na África e na Diáspora Africana. Universidade de Gana em Legon, Acra, de 26 a 29 de julho de 2016. Ele explora o significado cultural e espiritual da sexualidade na visão da filosofia tradicional africana, com vista aos debates atuais em sociedades "ocidentais" e africanas. Ele explora ressonâncias com motivos do pensamento filosófico e antropológico europeu (e euro-descendente), como base para uma compreensão mútua aprofundada e troca.

Referências

BERNAL, Martin. Black Athena – The Afroasiatic roots of Classical Civilization. vol. I, London: Free Association Books, 1987.
BILOLO, Mubabinge. Fondements Thébains de la Philosophie de Plotin l‘Egyptien. Munich, Kinshasa: African University Studies, 2007.
BÖSCH, Fr[ançois / Franz]. Les Banyamwezi – Peuple de l‘Afrique Orientale. Münster: Aschendorffsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1930.
BUTLER, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge, 1990.
CORRIGAL, Mary. Demystifying the mystic artist: A retrospective of Cyprian Shilakoe’s art sheds new light on the artist’s life and work. Sunday Times, reprinted in Kaga Blog, 12. 11. 2007, URL: http://kaganof.com/kagablog/2007/11/12/demystifying-the-mystic-artist-a-retrospective-of-cyprian-shilakoes-art-sheds-new-light-on-the-artists-life-and-work-writes-mary-corrigall/
ELLENBERGER, Henri. The Discovery of the Unconscious: The History and Evolution of Dynamic Psychiatry. New York: Basic Books, 1970.
FREUD, Sigmund. The Resistances to Psycho-Analysis. (1925), in: The Collected Papers of Sigmund Freud (transl. J. Strachey), vol. 5, London: The Hogarth Press, 1950. pp. 163-7.
FREYRE, Gilberto: Casa-grande e Senzala: Formação da Família Brasíleira sob o Regime de Economia Patríarcal. Rio de Janeiro: Livraria Jose Olympio Editora, 1966, (1st ed. 1933)
IAMBLICHUS OF APAMEA. On the Mysteries of Egypt. (Ed. transl by T. Taylor, 1831), URL: http://www.platonic-philosophy.org/files/Iamblichus%20-%20On%20the%20Mysteries.pdf
KRISTEVA, Julia. Motherhood today. Colloque Gypsy V, 21 - 22 10. 2005 Rêves de femmes. Pr. René Frydman et Dr. Muriel Flis-Trèves (organizers), Jardin des planetes, Grand Amphithéâtre du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, 57 rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, URL: http://kristeva.fr/motherhood.html
MBITI, John. African Religion and Philosophy. London: Heinemann, 1990.
MUSHARHMINA, Mulago gwa Cikala. La religion traditionnelle des Bantu et leur vision du monde. Kinshasa: Presses Universitaires du Zaire, 1973.
NGUBANE, Harriet. Body and Mind in Zulu Medicine. An Ethnography of health and disease in Nyuswa-Zulu thought and practise. London: Academic Press, 1977.
PLATO. The Symposium. (Hamilton, Walter, transl. and intr.), London: Penguin Classics, 1951.
PLOTINUS. The Enneads. (Mackenna, Stephen, transl. and Dillon, John, intr. and annotated), London: Penguin, 1991. Online at.: http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/plotenn/enn222.htm
PRANDI, Reginaldo, Mitologia dos Orixás, São Paulo: Compania das Letras, 2001.
RAMOSE, Mogobe B. African Philosophy through Ubuntu. (2nd rev. ed.), Harare: Mond Books Publ., 2002.
RANKOTHA, Charles Sylvester. The Construction of Egalitarian Masculinities in the Midlands of Kwazulu Natal, Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal, 2002.
SMITH, Frederick M. The Paleolithic Turn: Michael Witzel’s Theory of Laurasian Mythology (Review Essays). Religious Studies Review, vol. 39. No. 3, (September, 2013): Rice Univ. (eds.), pp. 132 – 142, URL: https://www.academia.edu/5251193/Review_of_Witzel_-_The_Origins_of_the_Worlds_Mythologies_2013_
SÖDERBÄCK, Fanny. Motherhood According to Kristeva: On Time and Matter in Plato and Kristeva. Philosophia, Volume 1, Issue 1, 2011, pp. 65-87. URL: https://muse.jhu.edu/article/478300/pdf
TEMPELS, Placide. La philosophie bantue. Elisabethville: Ed. Lovania, 1945, (translated by A. RUBBENS from the Dutch original, publ.: Antwerp: Sikkel, 1946). URL: http://www.aequatoria.be/tempels/FTCriticalEditon.htm#c2
WEST, Candace and Don H. ZIMMERMAN. Doing Gender. Gender & Society. Official publication of sociologists for women in society, No. 1 (1987)
WHIPPLE, Sean: Homosexuality in Africa: The Causes of State Discrimination based on Orientation, (No date given, published after 2011), URL: www.albany.edu/honorscollege/files/whipple_thesis.docx (21.08. 2016)
WITZEL, Michael E. J. The Origins of World Mythologies. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
YANNARAS, Christos. Person and Eros. (transl. from German by Norman Russel), Brookline (MA): Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2008. URL: https://yannarasbooks.files.wordpress.com/2015/12/person_and_eros.pdf
YANNARAS, Christos. Relational Ontology. (translated from Greek by Norman Russell), Brookline (MA): Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 2011. URL: https://yannarasbooks.files.wordpress.com/2015/10/relational_ontology.pdf
Publicado
2019-10-22
Como Citar
RELEBOGILWE KLEINHEMPEL, U. Where anthropology and spirituality meet: eros, libido and force-of-life – concepts of African traditional world view and their re-emergence in the focus of debates on personhood and sexuality in modernity. Sacrilegens , v. 16, n. 1, p. 162-179, 22 out. 2019.