Instructional experiment on Lenz's law
Keywords:Electromagnetic Induction, Lenz Law, LEDs, Classroom Activity.
We present a visual manifestation of Lenz’s Law. The setup is composed of two coils connected by a central linear metal nucleus. Each of them has a LED plugged in parallel to its terminals. The primary is fed with a pulsating external voltage. We recorded a slow-motion video (960Hz) of the two blinking LEDs. It is possible to observe a complete out-of-phase fade-in/fade-out behavior of them, which is a direct consequence of the minus sign present in the electromagnetic induction equation. We also discuss how to introduce the apparatus in a classroom activity. The mathematical modeling and the numerical results are instructively derived along with the text. There is also a review of the technical features that must be taken into account to study the observation of high-frequency blinking LEDs.